Fire Incident Report: Building Fires Case StudiesIntroductionIt is a common knowledge that fire can only start when there is sufficient supply of fuel and it can be triggered intentionally or accidentally. The principle of fire prevention and safety covers protection of people and property, both in the building and in the surrounding areas. The activities in fire prevention and safety can be categorized as engineering, education, and enforcement functions. Fire safety and other interrelated sub-systems work together to prevent and control fires within a building. This report will discuss and analyse various fire and explosion disasters in England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
It includes discussion on fire safety engineering issues surrounding the incidents and recommendations to prevent the occurrence of similar incidents in the future. Fire Case StudiesSoccer Stadium Fire- Bradford EnglandAt around 3:00 pm of May 11, 1985, 56 people died and 300 were injured when a fire broke up at an outdoor soccer stadium in Bradford, England. The fire began in an accumulated trash between the wood bleachers that most probably was ignited by lighted cigarettes. The fire spread and ignited the lightweight materials used in the construction of the wood bleachers.
As the fire develops, smoke and heat mounted up in the roof cavity and moved to the rear concourse. The report says the rapid growth and spread of fire was significantly influenced by the roof structure and quantities of existing fuels. According to NFPA, factors contributed to the fire spread and subsequent loss of life includes ignition of accumulated rubbish beneath the wood bleachers, lightweight and combustible wood bleacher material, alarm systems, one-direction occupant flow design of passageway and egress, and inadequacy in the number of open and accessible exits. Royal Gatehouse Hotel Tenby, WalesOn the Easter Holiday weekend of March 21-22, 2008, a violent fire ruined a segment of one of Wales’s famous landmark.
At 2302 hours of that Saturday night, a serious fire was seen rising from the roof of the uninhabited Royal Gatehouse Hotel. The Hotel was built in 1859 and it had 59 bedrooms reaching over five floors. It had a number of extension and in total measured 45 by 46 metres.
The spread of fire was quick regardless of the early efforts of Tenby fire fighters. The condition of the building was inferior thus, portions of the roof began to collapse even in the early stage of fire. Crews were withdrawn from inside the building and attacking the fire from outside. The fire also threatened to cross the road and to involve the Royal Lion Hotel on the Norton. However, this was stopped mainly by the use of an aerial ladder platform. Two turntable ladders were used to attack the core of the fire from above, in order to keep fire crews from having to enter the unsafe building.
However, there were problems of obtaining adequate water supplies despite the assistance of the Water Authority. At one point, five fire engines and a water bowser were functioning as a shuttle service to supply fire-fighting water. The problem was solved later by the use of a High Volume Pump that relayed large amounts of water over a mile from a river.