Essays on Fire Investigation, Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Building Collapse Coursework

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The paper "Fire Investigation, Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Building Collapse" is a great example of management coursework.   Fire accounts to be as one of the most destructive forms of a natural, accident or incidental property devastation that even caused a million deaths. This occurred because there is a distinction between the origin and cause of the fire. When you say there is burning, that might have to indicate a fire that burns outside or a fire that has started inside a house or any residence that involves any living creatures. The fire has various types, which include, forest fire, vehicle fires, and the most common type of it is residential fire.

However, the main concentration of this paper is on residential fire. Several motives might have induced the presence of fire that includes negligence and the most indifferent, the malicious motive that yield a criminal case of arson. There are however assigned task force that is capable of knowing the origin of the fire. The Fire Investigation Division creates a team of skilled Fire Investigators to aid in the fire operation.

In response to an accident caused by a fire, the chain of command ranges from the Incident Commander to the different Fire Investigators has addressed the need to determine the cause of the fire. The Incident Commander is responsible for requiring the presence of a Fire Investigator. Fires that usually needed their presence are arson fires, suspicious fires, undetermined causes, fatalities, fire injuries, total loss, fires in institutional occupancies, or as deemed necessary by the Incident Commander. The foremost consideration why Fire Investigators created because in cases where the total damages wrecked by fire range from 50-90% and death losses climbed to 30%, there is an established supposition that this fire is not just the ordinary case of culpable negligence, there is something beneath that needed to be surfaced. Investigation.

Fire Investigation requires the knowledge and systematized approach to basic Fire science. It involves the discipline of forensic study. However, crime investigation on forensic provides an obvious criterion just by physically examining the crime scene and crime motives. In cases of fire especially suspicious fire, there is that inclination of the Fire Investigator the possible existence of arson.

In the process of gathering information on accidental fire, the primary objective is to accumulate data that will help solve the problem and outline the paper in which to be reported through the media. The first thing to do is to interview witnesses, by-passers, neighbours and the firefighters themselves. They have to ask what have they seen that cause the fire or how is the pattern of the fire. Where did the smoke first emerge and how many are affected. Are there a group of people inside the burning area. Such is the flow of the interview.

Now if the area was fully secured, the Fire Investigator will opt to take still photographs to all the burned area, and things, which are necessary to obtain must be undergone for laboratory tests. The Fire Investigator must thoroughly observe the area such the wirings, the position of things inside the burned area, and all relevant things that needed to be observed. There are some cases wherein the Fire Investigator needed the help of experts in order to help him uncover for the possible existence of fire, such as improper wirings, negligence while cooking, or other things that are accidentally made.

In one of the interview process, if the owner survived in the conflagration, the Investigator will ask if an engineer surveyed the building foundation. Because there are some cases that while trying to extinguish the fire, the building might collapse due to the weak foundation of the building. In this case, the fire insurance company sometimes denies giving money because of lack of requirement such as building permits that authorized that the building foundation can potently survive the risks of collapsing in cases of fire.

After making his report he must submit the same to the incident commander. In arson case, there is a different treatment on this since there is an inherent intention of the perpetrator to burn the area, or least might be. Arson is categorized as a criminal case; therefore it follows the same principle of beyond reasonable doubt. Thus, what has contained in the investigation, it must have exceeded the natural patterns of a fire accident, and more importantly, the evidence supports the arson motive beyond any reasonable doubt.

In the usual investigation process, the primary and necessary step is to examine the physical scene of a fire. When you say physical, this pertains the surrounding, the environmental area. If possible, the Investigator shall document the fire scene prior to the operations of firefighters. If the fire was already extinguished and the whole area was secured, the Fire Investigator can now document the fire area. He shall proceed to the most burned area and to the least burned area.

He can also interview any available witness during fire operations. Firefighters must be interviewed to ask for their opinion on the origin of the fire, as well as those spectators that have actually seen the incident. In case of multiple alarm fire, the Incident Commander will call for an additional investigator to gather those elements, which are deemed necessary in the process. He shall divide the responsibilities of each to fully utilize the investigation properly.  

References

RESOURCES:

West Virginia Fire Commission. (2008). Fire Investigation Division. Available from http://www.firemarshal.wv.gov/investigation/Pages/default.aspx. Last Accessed (July 21, 2008)

Donahue, Michael L. (2008). A STRUCTURED SYSTEM FOR FIRE INVESTIGATOR SAFETY. Available from http://www.mddciaai.org/donahue_article.htm. Last Accessed (July 29, 2008)

Dehaan, John D. & Kirk, Paul L.(1997). Kirk’s Fire Investigation 4th Edition. Preentice Hall.

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