FIRE SAFETY REPORTAbstractFire safety risk assessment is the measure of ensuring the safety of building occupants from occurrence of fire. It also addresses the measures necessary to allow for an efficient and safe evacuation of building occupants in case of fire. Addressing the presence of means of escape is one issue that fire safety risk assessment ascertains. Fire safety is a very crucial issue in building management which encompass the concerns both of the legislator and the public. The passage of Fire Safety Order 2005 is a crucial step in integrating fire safety assessment measures with other legislations concerning building construction and others that promote health and safety of the public inside the premises of a given building.
Implementation or compliance with the Fire Safety Order 2005 is a crucial issue that government authorities should follow through. INTRODUCTIONRationale and BackgroundIncidence of fires reported in the United Kingdom for a 12 month period from August 006 to July 2007 revealed that sixty percent of the 121 fire occurrences that were reported happened in commercial establishments wherein majority of these fires started from faulty electrical systems, smoking materials, and industrial equipments (FRM Journal, 2008).
Each of these fires contributed a reported damage of £250,000 totalling to a total of £120.1M. These statistical information shows that most of the fire cases reported in the United Kingdom are caused by factors that can actually be prevented in the first place. Thus, this report outlines the process of fire risk assessment to show how fire prevention as well as fire safety can be best implemented by mitigating fire risks from factors that can be controlled.
Fire safety risk assessment is an “organized and methodical look at the premises, the activities within the premises, the potential for a fire to occur and the harm it could cause to the people in and around the premises” (Scottish Government Police, 2008). It also refers to constant evaluation of existing measures of fire safety in any building and its premises to assess whether it is enough to prevent fire as well as enough to address needs of people in the building for safety in the occurrence of fire. Its assessment particularly pinpoints on hazardous factors that can increase the risk of occurrence of fire and increase the probability of causing death or injuries to people within the premises.
Avoiding these two scenarios is specifically the goal of fire safety risk assessment. ObjectivesThe report has the following objectives: To present theories and principles related to fire risk assessment. To discuss legislation related to fire risk assessment particularly the “Fire Safety Order 2005”. To present the various applications of fire risk assessment to ensure fire safety. Theories and principles of Fire Risk AssessmentFire ModelsAs early as 1960s, fire models have already evolved to predict the occurrence of fire.
These models used mathematical equations to “create a complex computer code capable of giving an estimate of the expected effects of a fire based upon its input parameters” (Beall, K., 1996:81). The Consolidated Model for Fire and Smoke Transport or CFAST, for example, showed that growth of fire is not that much sensitive to smaller changes in inputs such as temperature, room size or level and room pressure (Beall, K. 1996) which means that the fire can easily be mitigated when it is still at its low level or contained in a smaller space.
This has an impact to effectively addressing fire occurrence at its early stage to avoid its spread to other areas.