Background of fire safetyFire outbreaks occur from the least suspect circumstances due to laxity of safety rules and regulation in the work place (Onyango 1984). Cases of fire outbreaks can be prevented by carrying out fire risk assessment of the work place and following guidelines of fire safety order 2005 and building regulation act. Outbreaks of fire lead into destruction of property and loss of lives (Onyango 1984). Fire outbreaks lead into injuries, burns and physical disabilities. They lead into loss of business (Robinson 1998) following destruction of materials used in the production process and manufactured products.
Fires lead into loss of jobs (Onyango 1984) for employees following destruction of the premises. This leads into loss of income (Muli, Kamau and Maina 1999) to employees and affects the economy. The employees’ become jobless and standards of living of the employees decrease. Outbreaks of fires cost insurance firms loss through compensation. Statement of the problemSafety rules and regulations in the workplace are compromised a lot (Frangi, Fontana and Knobloch 2008). Many employees don’t have training in fire fighting. Others don’t know how to operate a fire extinguisher (Frangi, Fontana and Knobloch 2008).
Other employees don’t know precautions necessary in the event of an outbreak of fire. This puts such employees at risk because they don’t know what steps to follows to save their lives. In other companies, the employees don’t know if there are safe exit channels out of the building. Many building contractors compromise building regulation act (Onyango 1984) on mechanical and electrical methods (Frangi, Fontana and Knobloch 2008) of preventing and protecting a premise from outbreaks of fires and spread of fire. Objectives of the studyTo investigate significance of fire risk assessment in the workplaceTo analyze building regulations that governs construction of escape channels in a commercial building in the event of fire outbreak. To investigate mechanical and electrical methods for protecting a building from spread of fires within the building and between adjacent buildingsTo evaluate building regulations that governs work at height in a workplaceTo evaluate requirements of fire safety order 2005 in increasing efficiency of fire outbreak controlHypothesis for testingFire risks assessment (Muli, Kamau and Maina 1999) provides information on how fire outbreaks can be minimized, escape options available in the premises, possible rescue option available and measures in place to ensure workers have adequate knowledge for fire fighting and fire fighting appliances in place.
This information is important in assessment of insurance costs of the premises. If building regulations (Onyango 1984) that govern erection of structures are followed, incidence of spread of fires could be minimized. Installed mechanical and electrical devices (Onyango 1984) in a commercial building provide a timely extinguishing of fires and reduce the risk of spreading of fires. If fire security order 2005 (Frangi, Fontana and Knobloch 2008) is embraced in many workplaces, there would be minimal incidences of fire outbreaks.
Significance of fire safety in a commercial buildingKnowledge of fire safety enables employees to know: the type of fires that they can manage to put off and measures that need be taken.