IntroductionIncidents of fires are very common in the manufacturing industries (Buckle & Mars, 2000). Many fires are caused by failure of employees to follow safety rules and regulations concerning handling of inflammable chemical substances (Frangi, Fontana, & Knobloch, 2008). Improperly maintained gas cylinders that are vulnerable to gas leakage are a source of many outbreaks of fires in the work place. Loose plugs and presence of wires without insulators can lead into outbreak of fires (Onyango, 1984). Fire outbreaks in manufacturing companies spread fast if the building is well ventilated.
Droughts of wind can increase the rate of spread of the fire if there are waste products that have been accumulated in the premise due to strict laws on disposal of waste products (Onyango, 1984). Fire outbreaks at workplace lead into destruction of property, raw materials used in production process and products that have been produced. Fires can bring down a building. Fires lead into deaths and disabling of employees (Brunacini, 1991:pp. 74-76). Fire outbreaks lead into huge loses including loss of income to employees, decreased standards of living of the employees and a bad picture to the company.
The insurance company that had insured the premise also suffers through compensation and increase in fire outbreaks may make the insurance companies to increase insurance costs of workplaces (Flin, 1995a: 7-15). Statement of the problemMany manufacturing companies don’t carry out fire risk assessment periodically hence the company is not able to determine its position of fire risk. Many employees in manufacturing industries don’t have enough knowledge on fire safety. The workplace doesn’t conform to tenets of fire safety order 2005.Some buildings don’t meet requirements of building regulation act.
There are no installed automatic smoke alarms to warn employees in case of fire outbreak or installed water sprinkler system in place. Other buildings don’t have wet or dry standpipes. Some buildings have emergency exit channels that don’t have working lighting system. Some buildings have staircases that have no lights or the lights are not in working conditions. Yet others have installed smoke alarms but their batteries have no power to run them. Objectives of fire safetyTo analyze importance of carrying out fire risk assessment at the workplaceTo analyze guidelines that a company should satisfy according to fire safety order 2005To analyze building regulation act and how adherence to building regulation act could help in fire safetyTo analyze importance of training employees on fire safetyTo analyze fire safety measures that a workplace should satisfy to manage fire risks. Hypothesis for testing on fire safety and regulationsRoutine fire risk assessment ensures the fire safety personnel is able to implement measures that make it possible to prevent outbreaks of fire. If a manufacturing company is able to comply with fire safety order 2005, the efficiency of production would be high hence there would be no accumulation of waste products that can speed spread of fire. If the premise satisfies building regulation act, there would be automatic water sprinkler in place to help in containing the fire and installed automatic smoke alarms to warn employees of outbreak of fire.
The premise would also have clear and well lit emergency exit channels and staircases. The building would also have entry points of fire rescue teams to access the building. There would also have wet or dry standpipes in place.
All these mechanical and electrical methods of fire safety would conform to minimum requirements of a premise according to guidelines of building and regulation act.