The paper "Food Security in Kenya" is a perfect example of a macro & microeconomics case study. Kenya, a country in the Eastern part of Africa is classified among the food insecure countries of the world. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, food security is the situation “ when all people have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life at all times” FAO (2002). The country has been rated as having the best economy in the region in the past few years.
However, the economical gains made have not been adequate to ensure abundant food on the tables of many Kenyans on daily basis. This paper deeply examines the causes of food security problems in Kenya, the responses took and the effectiveness of those responses. Causes of food problems For a long time, Kenya has had incidences of starvation in the country some of which have seen the death of people. The situation of food inadequacy in the country has perennially been caused by the harsh climatic conditions that are present in the country.
80% of the country is classified as Arid and semi Arid. This fraction of the country rarely gets sufficient rainfall which when available is always erratic. Since the country’ s economy is principally sustained by rain-fed agriculture, such conditions have always caused problems. Many of the pastoral communities in the country are normally adversely affected due to drought which causes the death of their animals. Drought situations occur frequently in the country Kang’ ethe, Ontita & Mwangi (2000 p. 120). Political instability has also been cited as a reason contributing to food scarcity.
The 2008 post-election violence that occurred in Kenya after the disputed elections of 2007 affected the agricultural sector of the country a great deal. This is the major problem contributing to the present food crisis in the country. Protesters burned food crops in the fields and farmers were displaced because of the violence. Consequently, there were no satisfactory harvests in the country. Maize is the staple food and this is the crop that was badly affected. Maize production has been stepped up but wheat and rice productions are still very low Meissner (1996 p. 210).
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2002. FAOSTAT on-line statistical service. Rome: FAO. Available on-line at
Kang’ethe, L. Ontita, E. & Mwangi, E. 2000, Forestry and food security in Kenya: The case of South West Mau Forest.
Horesnstein, R. 1989, Women and Food security in Kenya
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Meissner, H. 1996, Food security in Africa; Challenges, opportunities and targets
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health – 2007, Food security in Africa: the impact of agricultural development Volume 4