IntroductionEconomic development is an aspect that every nation strives to enhance despite the challenges therein. The overall economic development in a nation is very essential. This means that all people’s lifestyles are changed for the better. Gender disparities have been quite prevalent in relation to economic development of third world nations. This paper generally looks at the development theory and any possible gender bias therein. There is also discussion on women’s role in the entire process of economic development in the third world economies. (Addison, 2005)Critical analysis of gender bias in the development theoryThe development theory consists of various theories incorporated together.
Analysis of these theories shows that there are some of them that have gender bias. There are other theories that do not have any gender biasness whatsoever. In the modernization theory of development, it is explained that the entire process of development is linear in nature. In this theory, every nation that has to develop has to follow the same process. In this case, it explains that development has to emanate from a central area as it expands to the outer fringes.
This theory asserts that for any developing nation to grow economically, the developed nations have to spur the developed ones. This theory defines both the traditional and the modern societies. For people to be modernized, then they have to access education. Analysis of this theory does not show any gender bias whatsoever. This is due to the fact that education is deemed as important and can be accessed by all which will ultimately result in development. Criticisms of this theory assert that development is enhanced only to come from the core of which mostly men manage to be there.
When this theory is viewed in this context, then it would be perceived as biased towards men. Another development theory is that of world systems. It was started by a man called Wallerstein. In this theory, the system is subdivided into the periphery, semi-periphery and the core sectors. This is where the semi periphery is in between the core and the periphery. This theory however asserts that inequality is not in any way linked to growth. Analysis of this theory shows that it is not sensitive to gender.
This is bearing in mind that many developing nations have got gender inequalities. Therefore this theory is seen as not being quite gender sensitive. (Cypher, 2004)There is the state theory. This theory of development states that any economy is highly linked to politics. There is also the assertion that development is exclusive in every nation. That means that development in one nation should not be compared to another due to the difference in political issues. This theory highly recognizes the importance of social relations in the society and their overall importance in development.
This means that external influence is paramount in any decision making process that is linked to economic development. This theory is not gender biased in any way and in fact it enhances all people to contribute towards the economic development in a nation. This means that all stakeholders are seen as equal participants despite their sex.