IntroductionIn the past few decades, it has been evident that tourism has had a great economic effect on many African countries. Travel may appear to be similar to tourism, but the two terms have a very different meaning. Whereas tourism brings economic benefit to a country, travel does not. In Ghana, one of the West African countries has many tourist attraction sites. In Ghana, the buildings and places, which were used by the colonizers, are used today to hold parties. The places are very significant to the people and government of Ghana.
The places indicate and reflect the acts of violence and brutality, which took place during the colonial times. Some of the buildings, which were used as prisons still stand firm in the coast region of Ghana. These sites have become tourist attraction sites for many people across the world. Some of the buildings, which were left by the colonizers in Ghana, have been changed to restaurants, libraries, and community centers (Wall 1996, p. 46). The major sites for tourist attraction in Ghana are Elmina and Cape Coast, which are both tourist destinations.
Tourists visit different places for different reasons. The places, which attract tourists, must have the scenery to be seen by the tourists. Tourists seek to see and explore new areas and see new things. Tourists also visit places to see the historical artifacts. Although tourism has been regarded to have positive impacts in the destination countries, there have also been negative effects associated with tourism. Terrorism has been largely associated with tourism. Tourism has also been associated with erosion of culture, prostitution, and other evils.
The sites, which have become tourist destinations in Ghana, were once used during slave trade (Robinson & Boniface 2002, p. 22). The buildings were used as prisons for slaves. Ghana has become a popular tourist destination in the recent past, and even the American president visited the slave trade sites in Ghana. Tourist map of GhanaRetrieved from http: //www. touringghana. com/tourist_sites. asp Natural features in GhanaGhana is a tourist destination worth discussion and therefore, this project will look at Ghana as a tourist destination in Africa. There are many factors, which attract tourists in Ghana including the slave sites.
Tourists come from all over the world to Ghana to visit various places in the country. Ghana has features of the environment that attract tourists from all over the world. Ghana has a tropical form of climate, which is a main attraction of tourists. Tourists from cold countries, which experience winter, tour Ghana to experience the warm climate. This form of climate is facilitated by the rain forests in the country. International tourists visit Ghana during the summer season (UNESCO 1999, p. 55). There are many natural wonders and wildlife, which make Ghana a tourist destination country.
The natural features in Ghana, which attract tourists, include mountains and lakes. Lake Volta Estuary, mount Afadjato, and some waterfalls like Tagbo and Tsatsodu attract many tourists. Ghanaian SocietyThe indigenous people of a tourist destination must be hospitable to attract more tourists. In Ghana, the people here have helped much in the development of tourism. The people of Ghana are hospitable and friendly people. This helps to give the tourists a good time there and ensures their security.
The culture of Ghanaians is a multicultural type of culture. The people of Ghana come from different ethnic groups i. e. Akan, Ewe, Ga-Adangbe, Mole- Dagbani, Guan, and the Gurma (UNEP 1995, p. 146). With these diverse ethnic groups, Ghanaians speak different languages depending on which tribe one comes from. However, in Ghana, the official language of communication is English, which helps bring harmony in communication amongst the tribes. However, the Akan is widely spoken in Ghana and is an informal national language, which members of other groups try to learn. The population of Ghana is made up of almost entire Africans.
The use of English and the presence of other indigenous language work well with the tourists. It enhances communication between the tourists and the local people (Telfer & Wall 1996, p. 640). The tourists also learn new terms in the local languages.