Map of Ghana Tourist Destinations (msu. edu 2012). Ghana’s Slave TourismIntroductionGhana is a country that is situated on the west coast of Africa and is one of the most flourishing countries in the African continent in terms of democracy. It is therefore no wonder that it is today referred to as the island of peace. Ghana is rapidly becoming a leading tourist destination for tourists and the government of Ghana is making efforts to develop and maintain the tourism industry through the ministry of Tourism and the Tourist Board of Ghana. This is in an effort to develop and maintain the industry and to turn it into a major source of foreign exchange and income for the development of the country.
The tourism industry is rated as one of the major foreign exchange earners in Ghana but it still has a great potential which has not yet been tapped into. It is clear that the country’s tourism potential has not yet been explored and marketed to the maximum. The country, Ghana, is composed of ten regions with an estimated population of 23,382,848(2008). The topography of the country is divided into the Savanna belt, the forest zone and the Coastal areas.
It is made up of about 60 ethnic groups. Almost 75 percent of Ghanaians are Christian; around 16 percent are Muslims and few follows indigenous beliefs. Travel as an activity began in Ghana among its inhabitants long before the country came into contact with European influences in the 15th century and is therefore not an importation of the industrial countries. Some of the main factors that led to the progress of travel include trade and migration as well as warfare.
However, contact with European countries in the 15th century increased travel significantly (Kwadwo 2010). Migration seems to be the main factor that explains the movement of people in present Ghana during this period and this explains why many people living in Ghana today are not the original inhabitants of the region they presently occupy (Bourret 1960). The trans-Saharan trade also played a major role in shaping travel and interactions in Ghana pre-Independence with many people from the Northern African region travelling to do business with the local people in Ghana and this aided in boosting travel and tourism development in Ghana (Kimble 1971). Accommodation and catering services with a commercial intent were not as developed as they are today.
Hotels have a short history in Ghana with the first one having been established in the 1930’sTourism in Modern GhanaThe ethical travelers’ report of 2010 placed Ghana in the 4th place in the list of top 10 developing countries that attract tourism and number 3 in West Africa (Ethical Traveler: world's 10 best destinations 2010).
The hospitality industry in Ghana and hotels in particular had the biggest share in the revenue of the country of about 34% of the total income expended. Today, more and more people are realizing what an exciting place Ghana is to visit. The country offers the tourist a myriad of choices of attractions that are both exciting and interesting whether a tourist enjoys nature or history or whether the tourist is just out to have a good time. For those who enjoy the natural attractions, such as wild life reserves and national parks, the country has great national parks, sanctuaries and game reserves for Ghana tourists.
There are Castles, lakes and waterfalls, natural attractions and a lot more (Travel-to-Discover-Ghana. com 2008).