A GIS utilizes software and computers to influence and control the basic standard of geography or location that is significant in society and people’ s lives. Geographic information system facilitates a retail business to locate the most excellent place intended for its subsequent stores and facilitates agencies to track ecological degradation. It facilitates and handles road paving and route delivery trucks. It assists marketers to discover novel prospects, and it assists farmers to augment production as well as handle their land more powerfully (ESRI, 2010). Technology Overview The geographic information system technology is a computer-based tool intended for analyzing and mapping spatial data.
Geographic information system technology incorporates common database processes like that query as well as statistical analysis by means of the unique visualization and geographic analysis advantages obtainable through maps. These capabilities differentiate the Geographic information system from other information systems and make it important to a broad variety of public as well as private businesses intended for explaining predicting outcomes, events, and planning strategies. A geographic information system is recognized to be one of the most significant new technologies, by means of the possibility to transform a lot of aspects of society in the course of the augmented capability to make decisions as well as resolve problems (Westminster College, 2010). In recent times in lots of areas of life and in different nations, people formulate their decisions concerning different areas of life through the simple paper maps that are frequently obsolete plus derived as of incomplete data as well as that usually necessitate many searching in the archives of diverse departments as well as institutions.
GIS at the present unites these maps (in digital appearance) with data from all the related organizations.
For example, instead of encompassing a cadastral map here as well as a land book there, package map and ownership data are united in one system. Or, in its place of utilizing a land utilizes plan on an enormous sheet of paper and searching individually intended for demographic data to discover the most excellent location intended for a novel school, an inquiry is able to be transmitted to the computer that straight produces a map presenting the ideal location.
A geographic information system, consequently, is not simply a land management tool. A geographic information system is also able to speed up any type of organization’ s a lot of daily procedures as well as in the course of fast supply of up-to-date data, uphold decision making on a lot of significant topics as making sure high quality (Wehrmann & Glavina, 2009). HISTORY OF GIS Below is the history of GIS technology systems: (ESRI2, 2008) Development of the GBF-DIME files through the U. S in the 1960s In 1966 grid-based mapping program called SYMAP developed Private vendors started developing and offering off-the-shelf GIS packages in the 1970s 1981, ESRI offered a GIS system known as Arc/Info for mainframe computers 1992, ESRI offered a GIS system known ArcView, for desktop mapping system In the present age development of high-quality GIS like Google MAP SUCCESS FACTORS OF GIS The capability of geographic information systems to perform geographic queries and search databases has transformed a lot of fields of business and science.
It is considered priceless in the course of a decision-making practice. The data and information are accessible concisely and visibly in the shape of a map and associated report, permitting decision-makers to spotlight on the actual issues rather than attempting to recognize the data.
For the reason that geographic information system products are able to be shaped rapidly, numerous scenarios are able to be assessed proficiently and successfully. For this cause, in today’ s world, the capability to utilize geographic information systems is more and more significant(Westminster College, 2010).
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