Essays on Globalisation Challenge for National Governments Coursework

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The paper 'Globalisation Challenge for National Governments" is a perfect example of business coursework. Globalization has been the subject of academic discussion for many writers today as they try to understand the term itself and its effects. The term has been discussed in a wide range of perspectives such as sociological, economical, cultural and technological (Ray, 2007, P. 1). It can, therefore, be considered to be shaping various sectors including organizations, structures of government and individuals. Despite the efforts put in trying to understand the term and its effects, it has remained debatable whether Globalization is beneficial or disastrous (Akram et al. , 2011, P.

291). Many scholars have defined globalization differently. Lack of a precise definition has been argued to be the main factor spurring debates on the effects of globalization. In the same way, there has been no clear origin of globalization. Despite this, many scholars argue that globalization has been there since time immemorial. The fact that it was not used does not imply that it never existed. Evidence has shown that the term ‘ Globalization’ was first used in 1944 (Hamilton, 2008, P.

8). However, historians have a different argument to this. They do believe that globalization has been there since ancient times only that it has undergone a transformation. According to economic historians, modern era globalization is dated back to around 1870 (Asefa, 2010, P. 6). They also believe that the 21st-century  globalization is the third stage of historical globalization. The effects of Globalization will be the subject of this discussion with regards to the functionalities of national governments and organizations. The effects can either be positive or negative. Indeed, it is quite undeniable that the positive effects of globalization outweigh the negative effects. 2.0 Definition of Globalization As earlier stated, there is a lack of precise definition of globalization.

It has been defined differently by various writers. Perhaps, the best way to begin this discussion is by giving the term a simple definition. Nobody can deny the fact that states are becoming closer than before. Commodities manufactured in one country can be found in any other country in the world. Also, the financial instability of one state of the world will affect many states.

In the same way, the political instability of one state in the world will also affect many sectors of other countries. For example, the political instability of many countries such as the Iraq war of 2008 affected the world fuel prices. The political instability of one country will, therefore, affect the economies of other nations. The main reason for this is dependency among nations. Currently, unlike the past countries are more dependent on each other and closer than before. Globalization can, therefore, be defined from this perspective.

It can be simply defined as the process in which more and more people become connected in more different ways across larger distances (Lechner, 2009, P. 15). Many writers have defined the term globalization but using different wordings. Despite the fact that they are using different wordings, they all have the same idea on this term. According to Robertson, (1992, P. 8) ‘ Globalization as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole’ . In the same way, Hamilton, (2008, P.

10) defines this term as the global integration of economic, technological, political, cultural and social characteristics between nations. Similarly, Giddens, (1990, P. 64) defines globalization as the strengthening of global social relations linking nations which are far away from each other, such that the events of one country shape the happenings of another country.

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