Essays on Community Groups Concern over Globalization, Environmental Concerns and Social Equity Issues Coursework

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The paper 'Community Groups’ Concern over Globalization, Environmental Concerns and Social Equity Issues" is a perfect example of business coursework.   This assignment attempts to identify and explore some of the issues that have been of concern to community groups, particularly globalisation, environment and social equity issues. First, it looks at the meaning of the term “ community” as defined by different sources and its relevance to the context of this study. Further, it focuses on the onset and some of the reasons for the formation of groups within communities to deal with issues relating to the three aforementioned concepts.

Within the discussion, an attempt will be made to look at the three aforementioned concepts and the challenges that they are associated with and which are of great concern to communities. In addition, this discussion briefly explores the responses of community groups to some of the challenges relating to the above concepts such as anti-globalisation campaigns, poverty, inequalities and sustainability. In relation to globalisation, environment and social equity issues, this discussion points out some of the challenges that are given focus by specific community groups and highlight some pros and cons that are associated with the reaction of such groups to these challenges.

As will be demonstrated, the majority of the community groups either attract public attention or policy attraction in dealing with a particular social issue. But it is possible to find some community groups that have succeeded in attracting public attention as well as pushing for policy implementation as it will be seen. Finally, it will be argued that in the global world, community practitioners have played a particularly important role in assisting communities to regain the strength they need to counteract the challenges that are associated with the impact of globalisation as well as environmental concern and social equity issues. Community and community groups The word community generally refers to a group of interacting organisms sharing a given inhabited environment.

Organisms in a community affect each other’ s distribution, abundance and evolutionary adaptation. In reference to human communities, this term connotes a group of people having cultural, religious, ethnic, or other common characteristics and who have common interests amongst them (Rousseau, 1991). A number of pre-conditions may be present and common among members of a community such as beliefs, resources, intents, preferences, needs and risks, all of which affect the identity of participants and the degree of cohesiveness.

Recently, the concept of community has led to a significant debate among scholars leading to a variety of definitions of the term. Traditionally, this term has been defined as a group of people who are interacting and living in a common location. Rousseau (1991) suggests that in the global world, the term community can best be defined as a group that is organised around common values that are attributed to social cohesion within a shared geographical location, generally in social units that are larger than a household (Rousseau, 1991). Cnaan and Milofsky (2007) suggest that human beings within communities often come together into an organization that acts in their self-interest.

These organisations are known as community groups. One of the key reasons for forming community groups is to generate durable power to enable them to influence key decision-makers on a range of issues over time. According to Cnaan and Milofsky, usually, the drive that leads to the formation of community groups is the assumption that social change in the global world largely involves social struggle and conflict in order to generate collective power for the powerless.

In view of this, the purpose of this paper is to examine community groups’ concerns over globalisation, environmental concerns and social equity issues in the global world. To understand the concept of the community better, it will be prudent to point out some of the pros and cons in relation to reactions of community groups on the impact of the above concepts.

Finally, the paper examines some community groups that have succeeded in attracting public attention and are also involved in policy implementation in relation to certain social issues.

References

Bussel, R., Feekin, L. & Syrett, C. (2006) The social equity factor: Community attitudes, expectations and priorities for Eugene’s sustainable business development, retrieved from, http://pages.uoregon.edu/lerc/public/pdfs/socialequityfactor.pdf (30 May 2011).

Boudreaux D. J, (2008) Globalization: yesterday and today, ABC-CLIO, Greenwood, USA.

Cnaan, R. A & Milofsky, C. (2007) Handbook of Community Movements and Local Organizations, Springer, New York, N.Y USA

Craig, G. (2007) In Critical Social Policy: A Journal of Theory & Practice in Social Welfare, Issue 92, Volume 27, August 2007.

Elliott, K, A., Kar, D. & Richardson. J. D., (not dated) Assessing globalization critics: “Talkers are no good doers???” retrieved from http://www.iie.com/publications/wp/02-5.pdf (30 May 2011).

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2011) Sustainability, Available from, http://www.epa.gov/swerosps (28 May 2011).

Kaldor, M. (2003) Five Meanings of Global Civil Society, Policy Press, UK.

Petras, J. & Veltmeyer, H. (2001) Globalization Unmasked: Imperialism in the 21st Century, Zed Books, London, UK.

Reisch, M. (2005) The Handbook of Community Practice, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, California, USA.

Rousseau, M. F. (1991) Community: the tie that binds, University Press of America, Lanham, USA

Shuman, M. (1994) Towards a Global Village: International Community Development Initiatives, Pluto Press, London, UK.

United States Agency for International Development USAID (2001) Policy implementation: What USAID has learned, USAID Publications, Washington DC, USA Retrieved from, http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/democracy_and_governance/publications/pdfs/pnach306.pdf (31 May 2011).

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