Essays on Globalization, Social Issues and Public Policy Coursework

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The paper 'Globalization, Social Issues and Public Policy" is an outstanding example of business coursework. There have been numerous definitions put forward regarding the definition of community. This concept has also been viewed from different perspectives, for instance, the sociological, economical, technological and political perspectives. Apparently, people have joined and come up with community groups, each comprising of its own objectives and values. However, there have been various issues of concern that have been identified, as affecting the community groups. Some of these issues include globalization, environmental concerns and issues to do with social equity.

As a result, some of the community groups have devised ways of dealing with such matters, in an aim to ensure that the negative impacts are minimized. For instance, some community groups have taken active roles in matters to do with sustainability, human rights and anti-globalization. With this in mind, the following essay seeks to provide the various definitions of community that have been put forward by various scholars, and further provide an example of three community groups. The essay will also outline the issues that have been of concern to the outlined community groups, discussing the benefits and the constraints of the issues identified.

The final part of the essay will look at how the outlined community groups have reacted to these issues, illustrating their success areas with regard to the exercise of community leadership. 2.0 Community According to the Social Development Commission for the Government of Jamaica, in its publication about Community Rights and Responsibilities, a community can be defined as a group of individuals from a common geographic area, with common value systems, needs and interest, and having shared or similar experiences (Barzilai, 2003 p. 67).

On the other hand, there has been an argument that a community is not just about the people who are living within it since communities already existed before its current residents were born, and it is speculated that it will continue existing even after all its residents have left (Henrard, 2000 p. 135). Apparently, some communities are comprised of members who may have moved to other locations temporarily. This, therefore, means that the community is something more than its very components, its contemporary residents or community members, but also incorporates individuals that have been brought together by religion, lifestyle, specific interests and hobbies (Chipuer & Pretty, 1999 p. 648).

There is also a view that the community can be defined in terms of mutual respect. A community can be formed without common beliefs, shared identity or without the need of people defining themselves with relevance to each other. Therefore, a community can be described as a state of mind, or a sense of belonging that is generated from the feeling of acceptance regardless of an individual’ s identity (Barzilai, 2003 p. 106). From the various definitions of community that have been provided, some of the common elements denoted are the community as a process, place and institutional structure.

The community as a process involves the socialization and the interaction within the members of the community. The community as a place incorporates that feature that denotes the geographical location of the people, while the view of the community as an institutional structure refers to the institutions attending to the needs of the community members (Chipuer & Pretty, 1999 p. 650).

A major characteristic of the community is that its members share institutions. In my own understanding, therefore, a community can be described as a distinct geographical location, with people having common social, cultural and economic ownership of resources, and share common interests, values, needs and objectives.

References

Alston, P. (1999). Promoting human rights through bills of rights: Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Balaswamy, B. (2007). Communication for sustainable development. London: Concept Publishing Company.

Barzilai, G. (2003). Communities and law: Politics and cultures of legal identities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Chipuer, H. M., & Pretty, G. M. H. (1999). A review of the Sense of Community Index: Current uses, factor structure, reliability, and further development. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6), 643-658.

Fernando, S. 2010. "Glocal" working: Living and working across the world with cultural intelligence. Milan, Franco Angeli.

Held, D. & McGrew, A. (2001). “Globalization”, in the Oxford companion to politics of the world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Henrard, K. (2000). Devising an adequate system of minority protection. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Hodgson, D. (1998). The human right to education. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing .

Jacobs, F. & White, R. (1996). The European Convention on Human Rights. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Ramcharan, B. (2002). The security council and the protection of human rights. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Roy, M.H. (2001). Pollution: causes, effects and control, 4th Ed. New Delhi: Royal Society of Chemistry.

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