AbstractGlobalization, which has made it possible for businesses from any part of the world to connect with consumers elsewhere, has opened up the opportunity for unprecedented benefits for those who know how to take advantage of it. The interconnectivity that has arisen from the use of the Internet, telephone and mobile phone service, as well as the quick flow of money across borders all have benefits. There is a flip side, however, which is that a problem that begins in one part of the world can quickly spread to other parts of the world.
For those of us living in Qatar, globalization has provided an opportunity to tap into to some of the best the world has to offer in terms of equipment and expertise. Also, the relatively open access to money from other parts of the world, has meant that small countries can continue to share in possible benefits from other countries despite being separated by distance or culture. One of the greatest benefits to Qatar and other parts of the Gulf is the chance for us to plug into worlds of knowledge that were not open to us before.
It is important for us to take full advantage of this opportunity. Even as we continue to make use of labour from other parts of the world we need to recognize that in the future we might have to depend on our own ingenuity and expertise. This should be a welcome opportunity for the sons and daughters of the Gulf to put their own unique stamp on their territory and even extend themselves toward contribution to the larger world outside.
Qatar's efforts at mediation in world affairs is a good start but this should be an ongoing effort so that the Gulf area can create a new image that is connected to peace and prosperity. IntroductionGlobalization is the key fact in the lives of many young people today in the same way that an earlier generation could not talk about their lives without thinking of the cold war. It has increased links among countries and opened up the way for people all over the world to know about one another a little better.
Even if people do not have the opportunity to travel around the world, they can use technologies such as the Internet and television to learn about what is going on in the planet. In other words, globalization has provided a safe way for practically anyone with a connection to the Internet to become an explorer. It has also opened up the way for knowledge to spread, which is a positive thing for the world as a whole. Although Qatar where I come from, is small compared to most other countries, piece of land, thanks to the links that globalization fosters, Qatar has been able to make an impact on the world and to raise the profile of all those who call themselves Qataris.
GlobalizationAlthough globalization seems like a new phenomenon, in reality, it has been going on for a long time, centuries even. In economics terms globalization has been used to "refer to the integration of production on a global scale, as the globalization of production is related to the globalization of products" (Ghosh 2004, 88). Of the two processes involved, the first involves the expansion of capitalization into a global economy that is virtually integrated.
Globalization has allowed for the lowering of production costs because multinational companies are able to take advantage of lower cost labour, weak labour unions, and weak state regulation in order to produce goods at lower prices, thus maximizing their profits. The benefits are not only for multinational companies, however. Countries that have surplus labour and no jobs are able to take advantage of the capital, expertise, and the entrepreneurial spirit of the foreign companies, thus creating jobs where few existed before.
The other part of globalization is the speak of the notion that consumerism is good. This has resulted in a global culture where people, from Argentina to Zimbabwe seem obsessed with consumption and with access to products designed at quality that they may not have been able to obtain in the past. In this sense, "Technological development in communications and information systems has facilitated the transmission of a homogeneous consumer culture" (Ghosh 2004, 88). It took some time but once it dawned on the leading thinkers of the world that the world was essentially one economy, the whole world was set on achieving breakthroughs that no one could have imagined a few years back.
It is true that "Some, in Japan, South Korea or Brazil, for example, have tried to game the system by promoting exports and restricting access to their own markets. But the leaders who count, in the U. S. and Europe, have promoted three major global trade liberalization negotiations, the Kennedy, Tokyo and Uruguay rounds. The resulting expansion of world trade has brought about a corresponding enlargement of the world economy, lifting millions out of poverty and into the middle class" (Melloan 2001, A19).
Still, the complaints of those who believe that globalization has not brought them any benefits should not be ignored. The complaints have not only come from young people from the West with too much time on their hands but also from farmers in South Korea and manufacturers in Africa, all of whom should be heard so that globalization can mean not just profit but also fairness and cooperation.