Introduction A country’s economic progress is grounded on its industrialization base. Industrialized nations are looked at by others countries for technical, social, political, economical and cultural aspects of industrialization. This has resulted in the need to have man power understand their obligations and duties, hence, a significant growth of labor awareness. Absenteeism affects the overall maximum use of the man power. It is regarded as an industrial malady that affects productivity, investments, profits and those individuals who are absent. The increasing rate of absenteeism is costly to an organization and its social loss cannot be ascertained accurately. The measurement of absenteeism on industrial productions is difficulty measured precisely and easily.
Absenteeism and industrial production loss are directly interlinked, meaning that a growing rate of absenteeism implies a higher loss for the organization as well as the whole country. Those other individuals working in the industry and in other sector feel the effects of high absenteeism rate. Definition of AbsenteeismAbsenteeism is defined by the Webster Dictionary as a habit or practice of one being an absentee. An absentee is an individual who normally stays away.
In the words of Dodod, “Absenteeism refers to the workers inability to report to work regardless of the cause. ”Absenteeism according to Jucius, “refers to workers failure to go to work as per the work schedule. ”Heckett defined “Absenteeism as a workers initiative of momentary cessation of work for an entire working day period while his attendance is expected. ” In the words of Ankalikan, “Absenteeism refers to any unauthorized workers absence from his duties or obligations. ”In general, Absenteeism is defined to incorporate the time lost due to accident, illness and work cessation time because of personal reasons.
The cessation can be either authorized or unauthorized. In a considerable number of organization leave with pay, though an authorized absence is also, taken as absence. Rate of absenteeism is calculated using the formula below; No of total man shift lost * 100No of total man shifts schedule Causes of absenteeismA considerable number of causes of absenteeism are genuine but others are not. The following are the reasons why man power failure to show up in their workplaces. Low moraleThe high rate of employee absenteeism in international pvt ltd is attributed to the low employee morale.
Therefore, improving the morale of the employees is the only way out to solve the trouble of absenteeism. The common causes of low morale among the organization’s employees include stress, unavailability of incentive programs as well as negativity, rumors and gossip. Providing possible and appropriate solutions to the mentioned causes of low morale will help improve attendance and heighten employee attitude (Gale, 2003, p. 117). Sickness and low vigorHigh percentage of the absenteeism rate witnessed in the organization is due to workers ill health.
The common illness includes malaria, small box and cholera. The workers low vitality makes them prone to such illness. The workers have poor housing and sanitary conditions; hence their conditions of living are significantly affected. Means of transport