Hazards and Risk ManagementCritical Review of the National Risk Register of Civil EmergenciesIntroductionThe text in this review is the National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies in the United Kingdom that is authored and distributed by the Cabinet Office. The task involve in this critical review primarily include reading and understanding the document and summarising the most important points being presented by the author. It is followed by critical analysis and interpretation of data, and examination of arguments presented by the author regarding the validity and completeness of data used to support its findings.
In particular, this critical review discusses the strength and weakness of this document, its notable features, structure, and capacity to relate important information to the reader. Summary of the TextThe text is the National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies in the United Kingdom. It is a reference document describing Civil Emergency as stated in the Civil Contingencies Act, risk and risk assessment, local and national preparedness for civil emergencies. The National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies is a reference document for individuals and organizations interested in making preparation in case damaging events occur in the United Kingdom in the next five years. The purpose is to provide updated information regarding the different types of civil emergency that are likely to occur and will cause serious damage to human life such as death, illness or injury, homelessness, disruption of services, food supply, water, energy, and others The title alone suggests that it is a register or a listing of civil emergencies of national concern.
The title also suggests that it is a document being updated in a certain point in time as indicated by “2012 Edition”.
Since it is from the Cabinet Office, the title reminds readers that it is a credible list of civil emergencies compiled by the UK government. The text is structured in an easy to read and understandable manner because it is intended to everyone living in the United Kingdom. For instance, Chapter 1 or the introduction explains how reader should use this document. It defines civil emergency and explain how these civil emergencies were identified. Aside from explaining how this document is related with the Civil Contingencies Act 2004, it also made clear the likelihood of these civil emergencies from occurring and the extent of damage they will bring.
The National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies is actually a compilation of identified civil emergencies, their likelihood and impact, and local and national preparations that can be made in order to avoid or reduce its impact. The main findings of this document points to emergencies that still threatens the United Kingdom despite improvement in national security. For instance, Pandemic Influenza is on the top of the list because influenza pandemics occur thrice since 1918 and in 2009, the same pandemic occurs but this time it is an H1N1 influenza, which is more severe than the others are.
For the government, the 2009 H1N1 pandemic is not the last because it does not change the risk of another pandemic occurring such as H5N1 or avian flu, which is similarly severe.