Essays on Health and Safety Emergency Management in Construction Industry Coursework

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The paper "Health and Safety Emergency Management in Construction Industry" is an outstanding example of management coursework.   Employee’ s health and safety are of paramount importance in the workplace. This has led management in organizations to come up with health and safety systems for their employees. The quality of the work is based on the health system in place and its implementation. Despite having the best health and safety systems in place, countries have found themselves with poor health and safety record in the workplace. For example, the New Zealand construction sector has a poor health and safety record despite having great health and safety systems (New Zealand: Dept.

of Labour, 2007). Organisational culture, attitudes, and behaviours play a role in health and safety. Research has proved that Attitude and behaviour are the main determinants of workplace safety (Hughes & Ferrett, 2007). This report will prove that effectively managing for health and safety is not just about having a management or safety management system. The success of whatever process or system that is in place still hinges on the attitudes and behaviours of people in the organization (HSE 2014).

This will be done in relation to the construction industry. Effective management of HSEM To have an effective health and Safety Emergency Management (HSEM), the safety management system in place should be auditing in terms of policy, organisation, planning, and implementation, measuring performance, and reviewing performance. The employer must give a written policy based on the health and safety of the employees and organisation. The written statement should also contain arrangements that will be used to carry it out (Fleming & Lardner, 2002). There should be a management board which should ensure that the work environment is in line with high levels of safety.

Despite this, it’ s a duty of every employee to make sure that they take care of their own safety as well as for others (United States Dept of Labor, 2008). In the USA, through attitude and behaviour change, the number of occupational fatalities has reduced. For example, in 2012 there were 4,405 fatal work injuries as compared to 4,628 in 2012. The board is supposed to work in creating a positive attitude among the workers on health and safety.

The organisation involves the employees in making decisions. There is also a need for continuous monitoring for the health and safety system in place. This makes it easy to make improvements where necessary.

References

Alberta. 2009, Final report: Review and comparison of government programs and services that support workplace health and safety in the residential construction industry, Edmonton, Alta.: Alberta Employment and Immigration.

Arezes, P. M 2014, Occupational safety and hygiene II, Boca Raton, CRC Press

Fleming, M & Lardner, R 2002, Strategies to promote safe behavior as part of a health and safety management system, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office,St Clements House, 2-16 Colegate, Norwich.

Flin, R., Mearns, K., O’Connor, P & Bryden, R 2000, “Safety climate: Identifying the common features”, Safety Science, Vol.34, no.1, p. 177-192.

Great Britain 2001, Health and safety in construction, Sudbury, HSE Books.

Health and Safety Executive 2009, Reducing error and influencing behavior, Office of Public Sector Information, Information Policy Team, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, p.3-73.

Health and Safety Executive 2008. Successful health and safety management, Office of Public Sector Information, Information Policy Team, Kew, Richmond, Surrey p.1-98.

HSE, 2014. Health and safety in construction in Great Britain, 2014, Retrieved 19th Jan 2015 from, http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/industry/construction/construction.pdf

Hughes, P & Ferrett, E 2007, Introduction to health and safety in construction, Amsterdam, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Lester, A 2014, Project management, planning and control: Managing engineering, construction, and manufacturing projects to PMI, APM, and BSI standards, Oxford Butterworth-Heinemann.

New Zealand: Dept. of Labour, 2007, Construction sector action plan 2010-2013: Workplace Health and Safety Strategy for New Zealand to 2015, New Zealand: Dept. of Labour.

Rowlinson, S.M 2004, Construction safety management systems, London, Spon Press.

Stranks, J. W 2010, Health & safety at work: An essential guide for managers, London, Kogan Page.

Taylor, B 2005, Effective environmental, health and safety management using the team approach, Hoboken, N.J: Wiley-Interscience.

United States: Dept. of Labour 2008, Effective workplace safety and health management systems, [Washington, D.C.],U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

United States Department of Labor, 2014. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, Bureau of Labour and Statistics 2013, Retrieved 19th Jan 2015 from, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.nr0.htm

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