14th MAY 2008IntroductionBurji Dubai is the tallest man-made structure on earth. It is a luxury hotel located in Dubai in the United Arabs Emirates. The hotel is managed by a group called Jumeirah. The building hotel was first designed by Tom Wright with the construction and design managed by Rick Gregory a Canadian engineer. The building is 321 metres or 1,053 feet and due to this it is the tallest building on earth exclusively used as a hotel. The hotel sits on an island that was artificially made 280 metres or 919 feet from the Jumeirah beach and it is connected by a private curving bridge to the mainland.
It is realistically an iconic structure that is designed to symbolize the urban transformation in Dubai and to also imitate the sail of a boat. Construction of the hotel begun in 1994 and the building was designed to resemble a dhow sailing which was a common vessel that was being used in the Arabian countries. A massive atrium encloses the space between two wings that are spread in a vast mast. The building was designed in such a way that it would become synonymous with the name of the country just like the Opera house in Sydney and the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
The main architect and engineering consultant for the work was Atkins which is the United Kingdom’s largest consultancy firm. The South African construction contractor Murray $ Roberts company were the main builders of the hotel which cost $650 million to build. DirectionIn order to reach the hotel it is a guest is supposed to follow the exit from the airport terminal and move towards the Garhoud Bridge crossing.
Burj Al Arab hotel is located across the creek via the Garhoud Bridge. A guest is required to follow the signs to Abu Dhabi and Jabeli Ali on the Sheikh Zayed Highway. After reaching this point one is supposed to take the exit at interchange No. 4 and drive to the second traffic intersection where the Souk Madinat Jumeirah is visible from which the luxurious Burj Al Arab hotel is visible. Features of the hotelSince the hotel rests on an island it was crucial to secure a firm foundation and this was achieved by the builders through driving a 230 to 340 metres long of concrete piles into the sand.
The foundation of the building is therefore held in place by the friction of the silt and sand along the length of the piles. A large surface area made of large rocks was created by the engineers and it was concrete circled with a honey comb pattern and the aim of this pattern was to protect the foundation from eroding. It took the engineers at least there years to reclaim the land from the sea but the engineers took less than the same years to construct the hotel itself. 9,000 tons of steel and 70,000 cubic metres of concrete were consumed during the construction of the building. MethodThe atrium is 590 feet tall or 180 metres on the inside.
In order to lower the interior temperature during construction temperature was lowered by six degrees over a period of time. The objective of this was to prevent large amounts of condensation or in fact rain clouds from forming in the hotel while construction was still going on.
This was achieved by using cold air nozzles which towered from the top of the ceiling that created a buffer zone which controls the temperature on the interior without massive energy costs.