The United s Intelligence Major Events that Impacted the U. S Intelligence In the United s, the first instance whereby the use of intelligence was evident is in 1774 by the Sons of Liberty. 1The Sons of Liberty were disparate to the British colonies in North America. As a way of monitoring the British troops who were based in Boston, they created an intelligence organization known as the Mechanics. The Mechanics were able to obtain information concerning the British plots against radicals like Adam. The Mechanics gathered information that facilitated the removal of military stores from British installations.
2The Revolution period also led to further advancements in the recruitment of spy rings and agents for information gathering. For instance, Washington employed the deceit and deception tactics against the British by using the intelligence that he received. Washington was successful in the Culper Ring operation and the American victory at Yorktown due to information gathering. After he had become president, Washington created the secret service fund for conducting intelligence operations. The preceding years saw an increased number of failed intelligence gathering operations, but this was restored in the Cold War.
During this period, intelligence gathering was decentralized because each union general undertook their intelligence gathering. The high levels of decentralization were evident when President Abraham Lincoln hired his agent. The Southern and Northern intelligence agencies used traditional methods of information gathering but in 1861, aerial reconnaissance was employed. After Thaddeus S. Law had sent real time information to President Lincoln, the U. S Army Balloon Corps was created. The 1880s saw the establishment of permanent intelligence organizations like the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI); they obtained information in the War of the Pacific (1879-1882).
In 1909, the Bureau of Investigations (BOI) was created to investigate federal crimes and reported to the attorney general. 3The First World War saw the establishment of the MI8 to decrypt and develop military codes. The BOI later became the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1935 to deal with internal threats. After the Pearl Harbor attack during the Second World War, the Office of Strategic Services was created to collect information for the Joint Chiefs. The OSS worked closely with other agencies for entire intelligence gathering.
In 1942, the Military Intelligence Service was established to gather information on a larger scale. BibliographyCia. gov, . History of American Intelligence — Central Intelligence Agency. Last modified 2013. Accessed May 6, 2015. https: //www. cia. gov/kids-page/6-12th-grade/operation-history/history-of-american-intelligence. html#revolutionary-ideas. Logan, Keith Gregory. Homeland Security And Intelligence. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2010.