Essays on What Organizational Behavior Is and the Challenges Faced by the Managers Coursework

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The paper "What Organizational Behavior Is and the Challenges Faced by the Managers" is a good example of management coursework.   Every organization is made up of individuals who have different types of behavior. Managers need to be acquainted with this diversity in behavior since it presents various challenges. They need to have an understanding of what organizational behavior is like the challenges it presents. This understanding helps them to arrive at the solutions to these problems. In the first part of this essay, the meaning of organizational behavior has been examined as well as the challenges that managers face in terms of organizational behavior.

In the second part, the essay presents an examination of how understanding by managers of the concept of organizational behavior helps them to overcome the challenges they meet. Organizational behavior According to Gary (1996), Organizational behavior can be described as the process where knowledge on the mode of action of individuals, people and groups is studied and applied. This is done by way of a systems approach. It interprets the relationship between the organization and people in terms of the entire person, group, organization or social system.

The purpose of organizational behavior is to forge better relationships through the achievement of the social objectives, the objectives of the people and those of the organization. Organizational behavior has many topics like human behavior, leadership, change and teams among others (Scott 1992). Organizational behavior relates to the individual and the study done to the dynamics of the individual and the group in organizations and the nature of those organizations. When people within an organization do interact many factors will arise. These are the factors that are dealt with under organizational management.

The subject of organizational behavior has gained importance since people whose backgrounds are diverse and have different cultural values need to work effectively together and in an efficient manner (Gary 1996).   Organizational behavior emphasizes the understanding of the behavior of people within organizations in order to develop competencies is seeing the mode of behavior of people in organizations. This knowledge is important and can help to control the kind of behavior that is not in line with the objectives of a given organization.

Factors such as explicability, objectivity and sustainability are crucial in the selection of the methods to be used for such a purpose (Robbins & Judge 2011). Challenges faced by managers In managing individuals in an organization, managers face problems of hiring, maintaining, giving motivation and leading individuals who have their own qualifications. A big challenge here is diversity. Managers hire people from different races, cultures, age, and gender with varying levels of education. Diversity in the behavior of people is something that managers find difficult to handle. Managers should have good communication with employees and they need to recognize differences in culture (Ashkanashy, 2011), to manage a diverse group needs fairness and actions that are non-discriminatory.

Challenges arise also in cases where people have different beliefs, personalities, needs and expectations. The manager should identify conflict symptoms and tackle them. Managers need to lead employees and engage them to create a future for their organization and work willingly for the achievement of the goals the management has set (Scott 1992).

Bibliography

Ashkanashy N (2011) Journal of organizational behavior; Volume 32 issue 6; John Wiley & sons. 38-140.

Das T.K & Teng B.S (1999) Cognitive biases and strategic decision processes: an integrative perspective; Journal of management studies 37(6), 783-795

Elsbach K.D, Barr P.S & Hargadon A.B (2005). Identifying situated cognition in organizations; Organization science, 16(4), 423-433.

Gary J. (1996).Organizational Behavior: Understanding and Managing Life at Work, 4th ed. New York: Harper-Collins.

Robbins, S.P., & Judge, T.A. (2011).Organizational Behavior (14th Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Scott, W. R. (1992) Organizations and Organizing: Rational, Natural, and Open Systems Perspectives. Pearson Prentice Hall

Weick K. E, Sutcliff K.M, & Obstfeld D (2005) Organizing and the process of sense making; Organization science, 16(4) 409-420.

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