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The paper “ Role of Strategic Human Resources  Management in Individual and Organizational Performance” is a meaty variant of the essay on human resources. Human resource development is one of the key things that determine the productivity of the workers within an organization, thus, the overall performance of the organization. Apart from the organizational capital and the information technology capital, human resource development is considered as one of the intangible possessions of a company that determines the value-creating process of the company. Gulcin Cribb (2006, p. 3), in attempting to explain the importance of human resource development in an organization, mentions that the most valuable asset of the 21st-century  institutions is the knowledge and productivity of the employees.

This is opposed to the last centuries, in which organizations only valued their production equipment. Human resource development is defined as the aspect of organization management that deals with the training of the employees and their development. It involves the initiative by an organization to train its employees with the aim of expanding their knowledge, education, abilities, and the skills of their employees to increase the overall organizational performance.

Human resource development processes commonly commence following the employment of new workers in an organization and lasts throughout the employee’ s contract with the organization. This is mainly because organizations hire workers with only basic skills and little experience, hence the need for training to enable them to perform the work effectively. Gibb (2011, p. 17) argues that the performance of individuals within an organization depends on the cognitive capacity which determines the intelligence of a person, the capabilities which define the inherent or learned ability of a person to perform the job roles as well as the performances of organizations in the competitive market environments, human resource development becomes a key priority.

Moreover, organizations are increasingly seeing the importance of investing in their employees as a way of improving corporate performance. This paper examines strategic human resource development and its role in improving the performance of individuals and the overall organizational performance.


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