@ 2010Option 2- Team BuildingIntroductionThe key objective of developing human resource revolves around enhancing resourcefulness in a work organization through formulating solid educational policies, trainings and employment at different levels. The development of human resources in the corporate world emerged subsequent to the realization that there is need regulate the existing and future organizational needs of the work force in reference to competencies, skills and abilities. Both internal and external factors are considered in the course of developing effective human resources. Internal factors that are often times considered fall in the scope of the organization whereas external factors are basically those factors that are beyond the control of the alleged organization (Bratton & Gold, 2003).
Team building is a vital internal factor that plays a great role in the development of human resource. The function of teamwork in an organization is essentially of great value since it heightens the chances of productiveness and the implementation of better resolutions. Effective teamwork involves of a cooperative effort by two or more persons whereby each of people involve put in their different and unique abilities so as to actualize a common goal (Quick, 1992). This paper seeks to present an incisive and comprehensive outlook of team building in reference to several literatures.
Literatures that will be reviewed include, “Human Resource Management: Theory and Practice” by Bratton& Gold (2003), “Methods, tools, and strategies for team training” by Salas & Cannon (1997) and ‘Human resource development literature: current issues, priorities and dilemmas’, Journal of European Training, Vol. 23” by Garavan & Barnicle (1999) among many others. In references to the reviewed literature key issues that will be highlighted in this paper include, the importance of team building, strategies of team building, techniques of building effective teams and tools of assessing the effectiveness of teamwork and interpersonal abilities.
Moreover, this paper will link key themes identified in the reviewed literature and substantiate a reasonable argument through illustrative examples. Importance of team buildingTeam building is essentially a process whereby a wide range of activities are carried out particularly in a business context with the aim of actualizing effective team performance. Thomas L. Quick (1992), in his book, “Successful team building” notes that the concept of teamwork has been traditionally considered as important in most organizations.
Quick points out that the most distinguishing aspect of a team is that the highest priority of the members lies in accomplishing the set team goals. Team building is imperative in any work environment since it specializes in ensuring positive communication, self development and the ability to working jointly in order to solve the emerging problems. Team building in some cases entails selecting individuals and forming a team from scratch. In the book, “Team Building: An Exercise in Leadership” (Maddux, 2003) illustrates that team building is important since it helps to improve the productivity of a team, it aids in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of team members thus helping the organization to know how they can counter these weaknesses and utilize the identified strengths.
Furthermore, team building motivates the team and creates cohesion in the work place. Maddux further elaborates that team building gets everyone on the same page in regards to goal setting. According to Maddux team building exercises comprise of a number of tasks that are created to develop the ability of team members working together.
The aim of these team building exercises is to help team member in becoming cohesive units made up of individuals who can effectively work together to achieve the set goals (Maddux, 2003).