IntroductionHuman resource management is an important department in an organization because of facilitating all roles and activities related to organizational personnel. Human resource management, in the plays the role of ensuring that things in an organization relating to people in the organization is widely researched. Human resource management plays various roles such as planning, recruitment and selection, job design, and employee motivation under guiding rules and regulations (Caldwell, 2003,950). These activities fall under every manager's responsibilities though most organizations find it advantageous to establish a specialist division that provides special services on human resource management. Issue 1: Rules, Roles, and FunctionsRulesThere are various rules that govern the activities and practices of human resource departments in various organizations.
These rules are of different t and apply varioustuitions as workplaces, organizations, and nations as well (Hailey t al. 2005). The common types of rules governing human resource activities include formal/informal and procedural/substantive rules. Legislations thatgoverns employment procedures include such regulations as discrimination laws that call upon human resource to offer employment opportunities, workplace health d safety laws, and national employment standards. There are also regulations governing minimum wage, modern awards among others (Wright, 2008).
There are also informal agreements agreed upon by the parties at the workplace in accordance to Commonwealth legislations. Furthermore, there re organizational documents such as policies and procedures practice, organizational custom and practices, professional norms and code conduct, and workplace norms and ethics. RolesHuman resource department forms an important part of an organization when we consider the important roles it plays in managing personnel. The roles of human resource department are divided into three main categories that include transformational roles, transactional activities, and traditional roles.
Transactional roles of the human resource include the day-to-today activities such as administration of employee payments, maintaining information systems related to human resource management, and foreseeing employee services (Guest ad King, 2004). Traditional activities of the human resource comprise duties such as managing employee performance, facilitating training, recruitment and selection, compensation, and industrial relations. Finally, transformational activities include roles such as knowledge management, organizational cultural change, and redirecting and renewing organizational strategies. Issue 2: HR Planning ad Job DesignBy large and wide, human resource planning entails all administrative functions and activities refers to as classic, clear identification, and evaluation of critical human resource requirements for effective goal realization (Allan et al.
2004). This is also tails identification of qualified individuals needed by anorganization. Human resource planning a tool used by organizations to strategize company requirements alongside predicting their direction to maintain the reputable competitive advantage. Importance of human resource planningIn most organizations, human resource planning remains the key responsibility of every manager with greater focus on effective evaluation of the demand and supply of labor. Human resource planning also entails the acquisition, development, and exit of labor within an organization.
Since the success of any organization lies in the people carrying out various activities, human resource planning becomes an important responsibility of the human resource. Human resource planning ensures that an organization as a predetermined number of employees who are qualified to dispense certain duties in a specified time in the future (Allan et al. 2006). Therefore, at the heart of human resource planning is the need of identifying thenecessary strategies to ensure that an organization has e required staff to meet its strategic business objectives at all times.