The paper "Human Resource Management in Australia" is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study. Human resource management refers to the management of an organization’ s workforce, who individually and collectively determine the achievement of an organization‘ s business objectives, which is critical to the success of the business (Hall & Richard 2006). The approach should be strategic and coherent. In short human resource management is the hiring, developing and motivating people to tune to the organization’ s vision and mission for the success of the business. The approach employed by Australia in its managing of human resources provides a classical example of human resources from the Asia Pacific region (Hartmann, L.C.
1998). In this essay, the emphasis will be on contemporary issues in human resource management like employee learning, work teams, the impact of technology, labor organizations that directly impact human resource management. In this case study, special emphasis is put on the role of HRM in strategy formulation, implementation, and organizations-environmental interaction. A great emphasis will also be put on the institutional impact on human resource management. The main aim of this study is to critically analyze the institutional impact on human resource management in Australia.
There have been some marked change organizations in Australia that normally followed the dominant corporate strategy for the last four decades and this has impacted on the responsibilities of personnel and human resource management strategies their duties. The personnel functions have changed from the housekeeping work to contribute to the design and implementation of organizational mission and vision (Dowling, 1988.) Trade unions and employment contracts A short history of Australian unions In this context, the emphasis will be put on the evolution of trade unions, reasons for their formation and achievements in the last two hundred years.
Organizational movements have evolved from convict rebellions overwork and living conditions to the recent struggles for maternity leave, better payment, superannuation and other rights like compensation following accidents On January 26th of 1788 after the landing of captain Phillip, New South Wales was taken as an English penal colony and the first convict's struggle lead to the formation of unions in Australia. From 1788 to 1840 most of the struggles by inmates were for their basic rights like rations, mistreatment of their colleagues for example in 1791 Convicts Strike: demanding daily issue of rations, not a weekly issue (Kramar, R 1997). In 1828 an act termed masters and servants act of NSW which provided for imprisonment and withholding of wages if employees refused to work or destroyed property.
And employers’ mistreatment of workers would result in payment of damages of up to six months of wages. In 1829 a strike by typographers which was supported by carpenters succeeded in their payment in sterling as opposed to currency change that could see their wages affected negatively (Pawan S.
B., 2004.) Following economic depression of 1843, there was the formation of mutual protection society for the welfare of the middle and working classes of N. S.W. In the year 1844, there was a demand for the reduction of working hours from fourteen to twelve hours per day and there was the formation of anti-deportation league spearheaded by the political activity of the working-class in 1948. The existence of laws that outlawed the formation of trade unions did exist in Britain until 1871 when trade union act was passed, but their existence did little to prevent the formation of these trade unions (Foley and Howes, 1993).
The period between 1850 and1900 was marked with the development of trade unions in Australia. These trade unions were meant to fight for workers rights, like the reduction of working hours, the fight of cheaper labor from other countries like China, etc. for example the formation of a movement termed eight-hour movement in 1856 by stonemasons to help the co-operation of unions, The 1856 demand for payment of wages for their work by men of aboriginal station Victoria, the 1878 strike against the use of cheap labor from china by seaman’ s union (Hartmann, L.C.
1998). It was not until1881 that the N. S.W trade union act was passed leading to union rights and registration. In 1885 the first board of arbitration resolved a conflict in favor of the laborers. In 1890, employers in Australia formed employers' unions. In 1894 women won the right to vote in Australia (Kinzel and Davidson 1995).
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