Essays on The Australian Human Resource Development Model Coursework

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The paper "The Australian Human Resource Development Model" is a great example of management coursework.   Human resource development is an essential part of business as being able to continuously evolve helps to deal with the different needs of the business. Human resource as a field has witnessed continuous changes in the last decade which has improved the manner in which different activities were carried out. This paper looks to explore the manner in which human resource development has taken place in different organizations of developed countries in the last decade.

The paper explores three developed countries i. e. Australia, America and Germany to identify the changes in the field of human resource. This is supported by different examples, the period of global financial crisis and slowdowns along with past literature reviews which will help to substantiate the importance of human resource development and the manner in which different organizations and economies have been able to gain due to it. The Australian HRM model is being recognized as many as one of the prime reasons for their success and carrying out continuous and necessary reforms has helped them to meet the different needs easily (Ballon, 2006).

The Australian human resource model sees employees as a part of the family where they look to develop them so that they become more efficient and is able to carry out the different roles in a better way (Kono & Clegg, 2011). This has helped the Australian to work on a model where they look at the development of people so that they are able to deliver superior performance. The overall impetus is towards the development of the human resource for better functioning.

The American model, on the other hand, views employees as resources which need to be managed thereby contradicting the manner in which both economies look at the human resource (Pudelko, 2014). The model looks to use employees at the most optimum level and aim towards gains for the organization. The model looks at using the different resources so that better gains can be ensured over a longer period of time. Australians are also looking to adopt the philosophy of America so that better development becomes possible which has thereby raised concerns regarding the manner in which balance will be achieved between the traditional methods and human resource developments which are taking place.

With regard to the German human resource principle, it is viewed that they look to treat employees with respect and look to garner maximum our of them so that the contribution is increased and it helps to shape the manner in which different economic decisions are taken (Matanle, 2013). Their model looks at proving the required respect and based on it looks to identify the different dimensions which will help them to improve and develop their business. The manner in which human resource development is taking place it is witnessed that Australians are slowly looking to adopt the American HR model in comparison to the German model.

Some of the major ramifications and developments which is witnessed in the field of HR is performance orientation, results in orientation, moving away from seniority principle and increased flexibility. The manner in which the Australian economy has looked to evolve and adopting the HRM practices from America has brought about the required changes in their dimensions (Jacoby, 2005).

In a similar manner, it is seen that over the last decade Germany has also looked to adopt from the American HRM changes and it is seen with regard to the degree of flexibility, promptness, mobility, individuality, performance and result orientation. The human resource development has thereby been based on different areas and dimensions which has been adopted by different economies and has resulted in improving the manner in which different decisions are taken.

References

Ballon, R. J. 2006. Organizational Survival, in R. Haak and M. Pudelko (eds.) Australian Management in the Search for a New Balance between Continuity and Change, Houndmills, New York: Palgrave, 55-77

Ballon, R. J. 2012. Human Resource Management and Australia, Euro Asia Journal of Management, 12(1): 5-20

Dalton, N. and Benson, J. 2012. Innovation and Change in Australian Human Resource Management, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 40(3): 345-362.

Edwards, T.; Almond, P.; Clark, I.; Colling, T., & Ferner, A. 2005. Reverse diffusion in US multinationals: Barriers from the American business system, Journal of Management Studies, 42, 1261-1286

Evans, P., Pucik, V., & Barsoux, J.-L. 2012. The Global Challenge. Frameworks for International Human Resource Management, Boston: McGraw Hill

Inohara, H. 2010. Human Resource Development in American Companies, US: Asian Productivity Organization.

Ichniowski, C., Levine, D. I., Olson, C., & Strauss, G. 2010. The American Workplace: Skills, Compensation, and Wmployee Involvement, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jacoby, S. 2005. The Embedded Corporation. Corporate Governance and Employment Relations in Australia and the United States, Princeton: Princeton University Press

Kono, T. and Clegg, S. 2011. Trends in Australian Management. Continuing Strengths, Current Problems and Changing Priorities, Houndmills, New York: Palgrave

Kalleberg, A. L., Knoke, D., Marsden, P. V., & Spaeth, J. L. 2006. Organizations in America: Analyzing Their Structures and Human Resource Practices, London: Sage

Kochan, T. A. 2006. American Corporation as an Employer: Past, Present, and Future Possibilities, in C. Kaysen (Ed.), The American Corporation Today. Examining the Questions of Power and Efficiency at the Century’s End, 242-268, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pudelko, M. 2014. The End of American-Style Management?, Long Range Planning, 42, 4, 439- 462.

Pascha, W. (ed.) 2014. Systematic Change in the American and German Economies. Convergence and Differentiation as a Dual Challenge, London: Routledge

Pudelko, M. 2006. A Comparison of HRM Systems in the USA, Australia and Germany in their Socio-Economic Context, Human Resource Management Journal, 16, 2, 123-153.

Matanle, P. 2013. American Capitalism and Modernity in a Global Era. Re-fabricating Lifetime Employment Relations, London, New York: Routledge Curzon

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