Essays on Human Resource Development in Australian, Japanese, and Taiwan Organizations Literature review

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The paper “ Human Resource Development in Australian, Japanese, and Taiwan Organizations” is a meaty example of the literature review on human resources. According to Nelson (2007), the world has continuously experienced a considerable and tremendous increase in the number of Multinational Corporations (MNCs) over the past decade. Subsequently, most of global organizations have sprouted by undertaking different strategies in ensuring adequate human resource development. The rapid increase in the number of MNCs from developed economies has continually prompted a greater interest and urgency in creating a better understanding of how such organizations have undertaken Human resource development issues.

It is imperative to understand how different conceptual frameworks of global Human Resource development strategies and practices in MNCs from developed economies across their subsidiaries. Rothwell, Prescott, and Taylor (2008) articulate that human resource has a close relationship with the leadership in any organization. Moreover, Human resource is a department of the company charged with the responsibility of finding, recruiting, screening, and training job recruits as well as overseeing employee-benefit plans. However, the two have different but diligently related definitions. This report offers a detailed comparison between Australia, Japan, and Taiwan with an in-depth analysis regarding how various organizations have undertaken human resource development over the past ten years.

Additionally, the report presents an assessment of organizational Human resource development in the three countries with adequate consideration of constraints. Some of the human resource challenges considered in the analysis include the global financial crisis and business slowdowns. Human Resource Development in Australian OrganizationsLimited longitudinal studies and research have minimal documentation of literature review about the evolution of HRD practices in different organizations based in Australian. Actually, most of the Human Resource Development practitioners have limited access to data concerning trends regarding Australian-based organizations.


CEPD, 2007, The Evolution of Manpower Devolution Policies and Strategies in Taiwan for the Past 30 Years, Taipei: Council for economic Planning and Development

Chu, C.M., Yang, C & Chang, S, 2012, The Analysis of Applying Human Resource Planning on Taiwanese Enterprise, Journal of HRD 2, 1-15

Coryn, T., Fijnaut, C., & Littler, A, 2008, Economic Aspects Of Gambling Regulation: EU And US Perspectives. Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

Harzing, A & Pinnington, A, 2011, International Human Resource Management. London, SAGE

Kuo, M, 2012, The History of Human Resource Development in Taiwan: 1950s-2010s, PHD dissertation, University of Minnesota, US.

Maekawa, H, 2010, Thoughts, Actions: A Historical Look at the Characteristics of HRD in Japan, Works, (100), 7-10

MEXT, 2012, Life-long Learning in Times of Great Change: Towards a University System that Promotes Critical Thinking Skills.

MOEA, 2009, The Republic of China Small and Medium Enterprise White Paper. Taipei, Taiwan: Ministry of Economic Affairs, Small and Medium Enterprise Administration

Nelson, J, 2007, “The Operation of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in a Word Corporate and other Codes of Conduct” Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative, Working Paper No. 34. Cambridge, MA: John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Nonaka et al., 2011, The Knowledge Creating Company, Harvard Business Review 69, 6:96-104

Powell, R., Rocco, T & Roth, L, 2014, The Routledge Companion to Human Resource Development, New York, Rutledge

Rothwell, W. J., Prescott, R. K., & Taylor, M. W, 2008, Human Resource Transformation: Demonstrating Strategic Leadership in the Face of Future Trends. Mountain View, Calif, Davies-Black Pub

Skinner, N., Hutchinson, C., & Pocock, B, 2012, Australian work and Life Index 2012: the Big Squeeze: Work, Home and Care in 2012. Magill, S. Aust, Centre for Work + Life, University of South Australia

Uemura, S, 2008, Salaries of Oyatoi (Japan Foreign Employees) in Early Meiji, Journal of University Of Marketing and Distribution Sciences 21, 1:1-24

Werner, J. M., & Desimone, R, 2012, Human Resource Development. Mason, OH, South-Western

Xie, J & Huang. E, 2010, Comparative Analysis of Human Resource Development between different Countries under the vision of Competition, Frontiers of Education in China 5, 3:382-408

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