The paper 'Positive Effect to Productivity' is a great example of a management assignment. Basing on Maslow’ s hierarchy of needs, as an individual's work to meet the basic needs, he works harder to meet other higher needs. In other words, people are motivated to work hard by the unmet needs in their lives. When an individual meets the needs on the lower level, he is motivated by a chance of having the other needs in the hierarchy. For instance, a person who has no food will first work hard to get food before thinking of being prestigious.
However, if that person gets enough food, he will not stop at that but will work harder to get a secure job and develop his self-esteem. The five needs namely, physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization guides human behavior. No human being can survive in the absence of physiological needs and therefore anyone without food, water, or air will look for a way to get them. Their behavior will, therefore, be focused on trying to get the items. If the basic needs are not met then an individual develops a craving that drives that person in getting the needs.
In addition, unmet basic needs dominate all motivation, and hence the dreams of starving people always revolve around food and water. Once an individual meets the basic need, the driving force for that need fades away and another need arises. The individual will then be motivated to move to the next level after meeting the basic needs. An individual with a satisfied need will do very little to get more of that need.
Instead, the unfulfilled need in a person will persuade that person to work harder to meet the need. A person in a certain company will work hard if first he is provided with ample lunch breaks and has a salary scheme that allows him to purchases life’ s essentials. This will be the initial driving force and hence such things like safety and social needs will come later. Such a person cannot reach maximum efficiency and effectiveness if he happens to worry often because of the safety of the surroundings fearing any potential threat.
If the employee happens to see security guards, responsible management personnel, and cameras around the workplace, he will be comfortable and hence will have no problems with work. Moreover, the provisions of retirement benefits and relative job security will motivate the employee further. Once the two needs are taken care of, a third layer will begin to sprout. The employee will have a desire for affection, friends, and a sense of community. The employee therefore will be motivated to work harder if the manager generates a feeling of belonging, acceptance, and community particularly by reinforcing social events, team dynamics as well as projects based on planning teams.
Anyone who does not receive love and acceptance is likely to be withdrawn and consequently develop a spirit of rejection. Such a person cannot under any circumstance be motivated to work.
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