The paper 'Impacts of the Gendered Practice on the Contemporary World" is an outstanding example of social science coursework. It is a datum of experience that the past few years have witnessed a tremendous phase in terms of the ameliorating status of women in society. Similarly, the participation of females in the workforce has also marked an era of growth as more and more women are entering the labour market. In such a scenario one of the major debates of the contemporary world revolves around the concept of occupational segregation based on gender differences.
The paper aims at building an understanding of the occupational segregation and elucidates the concept through the probe into the causes behind this phenomenon. The paper further studies the impacts of the gendered practice on the contemporary world thereby ending the debate in a rational and unbiased conclusion. Introduction: One of the many transitions experienced by the scene of human existence in the twenty-first century, that is the aggrandizing entrance of women into the labour force across the globe, is reckoned as one of the chief success indicators of the labour market.
According to the findings of Marianne A. Ferber, Elke Holst and Wenzel Matiaske, the participation of women in almost all the European countries has increased to a great deal in modern times. Even in those European countries that have a very little trend for women to pursue their professional careers, the participation level of women has increased. For instance, the rate has reached 48.4% in Italy during the year 2002. In countries like Denmark, the percentage of women in the workforce reached a rate of 75.6% in the same year.
Contrary to this, the rate for men in labour market declined simultaneously in many European states. However, the presence of women in the labour market remained somehow confined to particular areas that were considered traditionally appropriate for their sex. This longstanding disparity resulted in the global awareness of occupational segregation on the basis of gender. In the context of human capital theory, the skills along with experience and education determine the success of the individuals in terms of earnings and ranks possessed by them. But even with the capability of all three success markers, the process of women’ s professional success has remained slow which has further slowed down the process of eliminating gender inequalities from the workplaces.
The empirical studies also suggest that the increasing qualification of women would be synonymous with the decreasing gender-based segregation in the workplaces however, the reality portrays a case very different if not contradictory at all. Segregation: To comprehend the gist of the topic, it is mandatory to understand the concept of segregation. According to Stephen Gorard and Chris Taylor of Cardiff University, segregation ‘ is a measure of the unevenness of distribution of individual characteristics between organizational units’ .
Stated differently, segregation is the process of segmenting the society into uneven parts thereby making a favourable and an unfavourable part of the society. Occupational Segregation based on Genders: As clear from the term, occupational segregation refers to the unevenness practised in occupational environments. Generally, this discrimination is based on either gender or race. In this regard, the aspect of gender-based discrimination is so prominent that Blackburn has confined the concept of segregation to the gender-based occupational segregation thereby considering the concept as a ‘ tendency for women and men to be employed in different occupations’ .
The above-mentioned process works as the leading force is dividing the occupations into two parts: male-dominated occupations and female-dominated occupations.
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