Essays on Immigration Benefits Australia Case Study

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The paper "Immigration Benefits Australia" is a perfect example of a business case study.   Australia, with its rather diversified society and also, a growing economy provides intensive levels of opportunities to all people that have always desired to immigrate and reside there. At the moment, the country has more than 22 million inhabitants while its overall population is said to be on an upward scale for the past few decades (Castles & Miller, 2009). It is important to understand that nearly 25 per cent of the population is made up of non-Australian citizens, which is a visible indication of the country’ s immigration rate.

Immigration is defined as the immediate movement of persons into a different destination country for which they are never considered to be native, have access to permanent residence or are seen to be natural citizens (Castles & Miller, 2009). Research indicates that there have been intensive benefits attributed to the immediate immigration into Australia; economic advantages brought about by the immediate level of cultural diversity involved and, also the direct benefits that arise out the ability of migrants in creating small businesses and thus, self-employment (Castles & Miller, 2009).

This paper argues that immigration has brought about a significant amount of benefits to the country as a whole and these benefits are discussed in detail. Australia enjoys a significant level of ethnic diversity that has, in turn, led to increased productivity and creativity levels. It is important to argue that regional level of economic growth and development is propelled by creative personnel that always prefer to reside in places that are deemed diversified, tolerant and open to possible new ideas.

In fact, ethnic diversification improves the overall odds that a place, like Australia, will attract different forms of creative people that have different skills as well as notable ideas (Khoo, McDonald, Giorgas & Birrell, 2002). Consequently, great and more diversified concentrations of creative amounts of capital will likely result to a high degree of innovativeness, high level of technology, business composition, employment generation as well as overall economic growth and development. The fundamental aspect to consider in explaining how diversification would help increase the level of creativity emanates from the presumption that people that come with different social and cultural backgrounds help stimulate proper ideas within each other (Khoo, et al, 2002).

It can, therefore, be noted that innovation, which for most cases involve the immediate interaction of new ideas from different sources, will likely flourish in cases where there is a significant degree of views, as can be seen in a culturally diversified community. For example, in Australia, the period preceding 15 years or so after Second World War resulted to a nation-building evaluation for immigration, which basically means that population expansion was perceived to be a necessity to assist with economic expansion through an established array of enormous unskilled personnel in order to clear-off land, construct huge cities as well as develop a proper level of infrastructure (Khoo, et al, 2002).

During this period, economies of scale were proposed that can be linked to the current Australia overall Gross Domestic Product. In fact, it can be argued that the country’ s total GDP would have been significantly lower today in the absence of immigration process since 1945.

Subsequently, earlier researched in New South Wales in 1990 postulated that the level of population growth through activities related to immigration had led to a substantial amount of technological improvements for the entire of Australia( Newville, 1990). It was established that an improved degree of innovation of 0.6 per cent could be directly linked to a growth of 1 per cent in overall output and that this level of growth and development was optimal with entire population growth close to 1.25 per cent on annual basis. Other notable studies have also shown that there is a consistency in per capita economic benefits that have resulted from skilled immigration into the Australian economy (Legrain, 2006).

References

Castles, S & Miller, M. (2009) The Age of Migration, 4th edition, Palgrave Macmillan

Khoo, S; McDonald, P; Giorgas, D & Birrell, B (2002) ‘Second Generation Australians’, Report for the Department of Immigration, Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs, AGPS, Canberra

Legrain, P (2006) Immigrants-Your Country Needs Them, Little, Brown, London

Markus, A. (2001) Building a New Community-Immigration and the Victorian Economy, Allen and Unwin

Nevile, J. (1990) The Effect of Immigration on Australian Living standards, AGPS

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