The paper "Importance of Communication Technology in Disaster Management" is a great example of management coursework. For a long time, the role of communication technology has been applauded as integral to the disaster management system (Gow, 2008). However, the application of communication technology is required in the four phases of the catastrophe management; it has been mostly applied in the recovery phase of the disaster management, mitigation, preparedness and response aspect of the disaster management (Gow, 2008). The current emerging communication and information technologies have led to greater possibilities of the integration of different communication system with disaster management.
The interoperability of the various communication systems including mobile phones, email, internet, fax, television and radio has progressively become functional. This has resulted in the possibilities for the application of communication technologies in the prevention and mitigation of disaster more frequent. There are together practical and social aspects to the application of communication and technology for disaster management (Stephenson & Peter, 2007). The efficiency of the application of these technologies for disaster management mostly depends on their suitability for the communal and cost-effective context in which the technology is applied (Stephenson & Peter, 2007). Health sectors have always relied on technologies in delivering their services.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) (2004), they form the foundation of the service to prevent, diagnose and treat illness. Information communication technologies are the only one kind of the cosmic assortment of technologies that may be of great importance to the health sector. Phillip (2012) applauds that given the best policies, organization resources and institutions, ICT can be a powerful tool ICT in the hands of health workers in improving service delivery in the sector.
Advances in information and computer technology have led to accurate diagnosis of individual health risk. It enables better basic physiologic and pathologic process; revolutionize diagnosis through new imaging and scanning technology. For the reason of this study, ICT is defined as a tool that facilitates communication and the processing and transmission of information and the sharing of knowledge through electronic means. Stephenson & Peter (2007) define this as a sudden overwhelming and unforeseen event. Disaster has varied impacts on household and economic level in general.
Examples of disaster include earthquake, fire outbreak among others (Gow, 2008). Disaster management, therefore, refers to the organization and administration of resources and responsibilities for dealing with the humanitarian aspect of emergency more especially the attentiveness, rejoinder and improvement in order to lessen the effect of the disaster (Stephenson & Peter, 2007). However, there are no single definitions that can capture the full scope of the disaster; Solitary of the used measures is the numeral of populace killed or pretentious by the said disaster. People will always consider the impact of the disaster on the economic, health and social impact of the disaster before they could describe its scope.
In this paper, we discuss the emerging role of communication technologies in mitigation, response, preparedness and recovery phase of disaster management, highlighting emerging challenges in applying these technologies, the leadership style required and solution in the full integration of technology in disaster management (Stephenson & Peter, 2007). Classification of disaster management Disasters are classified into two major categories and include those caused by natural forces and ones caused by the act of human beings (Arup, 2013).
Natural disasters include weather phenomena like tropical storms, extreme heat extreme cold in the area. The disaster caused by human activities includes road accident, industrial accidents collapse buildings among others. Disasters like famine and global climate change could be considered as a slow-onset disaster that can be managed since they occur at a specific time interval (Arup, 2013).
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