The paper "Women Utilization in the Workforce; a Comparison of Saudi Arabia and Egypt " is a perfect example of a management research paper. The issue of human resource development is a far-reaching one that touches all parts of the world. This has been precipitated by globalization which has necessitated concerted efforts in marshalling all possible ways to harness the available resources thus spurring growth. In an overly competitive world, the situation has been exacerbated by this diminishing resource and it has the government’ s that were hitherto unwilling to recognize their role in this area have suddenly realized the missed opportunities.
Though human resource development is a straight forward issue if developing human capital for capital gains, the issue is complicated by concomitant factors such as gender equality. For a long time, many societies have considered women’ s role in the workforce as peripheral and though this situation is gradually changing, the pace is painfully sowed which limits the gains that might have been made in the amalgamation of available resources. It is no coincidence then that the contemporary debate as concerns human resource development is not about just developing skills, but the introduction of fair practice as regards gender parity. For human resources development to bear fruits, it is imperative that the issue of women involvement in the workforce be addressed.
This has been ignored for a long time to the detriment of any policies geared towards economic development. A lot of studies have been done regarding the place of the woman in the workforce more so in the Arabic countries and the Middle East but there are still inherent weaknesses in that they don’ t address what needs to be done.
Seminal work by eminent scholars has extensively highlighted the genealogy of the developing scenario while juxtaposing the gains against the losses but the impact of these is yet to be realized. In the same breath, the observers and researchers in Middle East countries have at times given contradictory submissions over the utilization of women n the workforce as observed by (Metclafe 4-3). The observation of the utilization capacity of women in Middle East counties is dismal in most international reports as seen in UNDP, (2003), World Economic Forum (2007), among others.
This contradiction raises questions about the validity of the conclusions. This assertion of this paper is that the Arab world cannot afford to exclude the growing realm of women both in and out of the workforce if at al the development goals such as the MDGs are to be achieved, (Adler, 28). This argument is grounded on the fact that the role of women features prominently in the millennium development goals more specifically women empowerment and gender equality falling under MDG 3, (Metcalfe b).
This study is also informed by the desire to move away from the general trend of lumping countries and focusing on female entrepreneurs as most international organizations such as Center for Arab Women for Training and Research (CAWTAR) and various Un bodies such as UNDP, ESCWA and others tend to do, (Adler and Izraeli, 38) The focus will be on mapping the gap between the aspirations of the women and the policies implemented to maximize human capital utilization.