1.0 Introduction Incident command system refers to management model that is used during occurrence of various incidents like fire etc. In this case, protocol has to be observed when managing the whole situation. Through this protocol, there is better management of equipment, facilities, personnel and also proper communications. This paper is explaining the incident command system and how it would be implemented at a major incident. This paper also handles sectorisation of an incident among other issues. (Bartosh, 2003)1.1 History of incident command systemResearch shows that incident command system was started in the early seventies by Ian Gilchrist.
This was after realising that many people were being injured, some died and property was destroyed. Studies showed that there were mostly management and communication problems but not unavailability of resources. There are different levels of command that were put in place in order to easily manage incidents. These levels include Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum levels of command. In the Bronze level of command there is the use of both skilled and unskilled labour in accomplishment of tasks. It is also called the operational level.
The silver level of command refers to the second incident commander answerable to the overall commander. It is also called the tactical level. The gold level of command refers to the overall incident commander in charge of the whole situation. The platinum level refers to the committee that handles incidents. (Blossom, 2002)2.0 Structuring an incidentStructuring an incident in simple terms refers to putting up structure that needs to be followed when handling the incident. 2.1 Sectorisation of an incidentSectorisation of an incident basically refers to division of the incident into smaller sectors that are easily manageable.
There are different types of sectors that an incident can be divided into. They include; FunctionalGeographic Combination of both functional and geographic sectors. All these can be used to make an incident manageable. 2.2 Vertical sectorisationVertical sectorisation is quite essential in high rise buildings. In this case the incident commander divides the incident in terms of the floor which is affected. This helps the incident commander to make essential decisions like evacuation of occupants and how to access the affected floor or room.
It also refers to dividing the high rise or multi storey building into three sectors. These include the area that is affected by the fire, the search area and the lobby sector. (Chapman, 1995)2.2.1Fire sectorThe fire sector basically refers to the area that is affected by the fire. In high rise and multi-storey building, it is quite important to know which floor. It is quite imperative for the incident commander to ensure that there is a safety officer that is placed on the floor that is affected by the fire.
It is quite essential that there be good communications from the safety office to the rest of the rescue or fire fighting crew. 2.2.2 Search sectorIt is the area where operations take place. This includes rescuing of people tapped in the building and venting. It is quite essential that the secondary commander be put at this place. The individual should not be physically involved in the operations. He should however control the crew carrying out search of people trapped within the building. This area is known to have quite a lot of activity and therefore needs to be adequately controlled.
The person in charge of this sector has to communicate and be in unity with the commander on the fire floor. (Kramer, 1992)