Role of inter-agency17The police17The ambulance17Local authority17The human resources agency17Conclusion18Bibliography18Definition of incident command systemIncident command system (Ronald W, 2003) was developed by a West Yorkshire Fire and Civil Defense Authority known as Ian Gilchrist and is defined as an on-site incident management phenomenon that is structured to ensure responders of incidents have integrated systems in place that are able to handle complexity of any incident. Incident command system addresses incidents without being hindered by jurisdictional restrictions (Bartosh, 2003). Examples of incidents that Incident command system adds value in include outbreaks of fires, floods, terrorists attacks scenario, people held hostage, earthquakes and earth mass movements like landslides. Implementation of incident command system at a major incidentImplementation procedures of incident command system involve critical planning (Lesak, 1989) of the incidents and exercising at regional levels.
The protocols governing incident implementation involve prior practicing in order to acquaint and enable responders to have knowledge of their roles and responsibilities (Lesak, 1989). This involves dynamic risk assessment to allocate resources and immediately carry out sectorisation, strategizing on tactic mode to be applied in the incident and deployment of inner and outer cordon.
Extended command structures in the incident command systemThe command structure has extended lines of command. These are classified depending on functionality. Examples are: Bronze level extended structureThese are forward control point personnel and their main responsibility is to deploy resources for the incident. They are mainly involved with operations during the incident. Silver level extended command structureThese are primarily for implementing tactical mode that will be used in the incident. The silver incident commander (national fire protection association, 2000) evaluates the best option of tactic for the incident and announces it to the team.
The main roles and responsibilities include helping to develop on-site safety plan, reviewing incident action plan for safety purposes and providing timely accurate assessment of the hazards involved and proposing required control measures. Gold level extended structure commandThe personnel at this level are responsible for implementing command functions (national fire protection association, 2000) and analyses strategies required to address the incident. The gold incident commander helps to set up an on-site priority plan especially safety of the responders, emergency workers and people involved in the incident.
The incident commander at this level also helps in carrying out sectorisation and ensuring resources are used efficiently and cost effectively. Sectorisation in the incident command systemSectorisation ensures period of operation is adhered to within plan of completion. The main sectorisation are: Fire sectorIt comprises those responsible for putting out the fireSearch sectorIt comprises those in evacuation of persons in the building whether injured or notLobby sectorThis comprises those that provide support servicesSectorisation in a high rise building (courtesy of Lancashire Fire and Rescue services)Figure 1: sectorisation when fire lies between search and lobby sectorsFigure 2: Sectorisation when fire sector lies below ground The roles of incident commanderDetermining the floor the fire is inEvaluating the layout of the buildingDetermining the location of staircases and elevators to access the siteCarrying out sectorisationDetermining the appropriate equipment for the incidentEvaluating ventilation of the building