The ambulance14Local authority14The human resources agency15Conclusion15Recommendations15Bibliography16History of Incident command systemIncident command system (Ronald W, 2003) was formed by Ian Gilchrist in 1970 with primary aim of facilitating and promoting inter-agency co-operation in incident management. Definition of incident command systemIncident command system (Ronald W, 2003) is an on-site system management process that is used for command of the incident, control of the incident, and co-ordination of the incident of emergency response. Incident command system (Flin, Incident Command: Decision Making and Team work, 1995a) provides an enabling environment for different agencies to partner together by allowing use of common terminologies and fostering use of similar operating procedure in order to control personnel, facilities used, equipments and efficient communication in an incident. Levels of command in incident command systemThe following are some of command levels that make incident command system (Fire Service Inspectorate, 2002).
The levels are designated depending on their functions and function of incident commander at each level. Bronze level of commandBronze level personnel are mainly involved with forward control point (Fire Service Inspectorate, 2002). The responsibility of incident commander at bronze level is to deploy resources related with the incident. Silver level of commandSilver level command staff implement tactical mode to be used.
The silver incident commander (national fire protection association, 2000) determines tactic mode to employ for the incident and announces it to the team. Silver level incident commander helps to develop on-site safety plan, reviews incident action plan (IAP) for safety purposes and provides accurate assessment of the hazards. Gold level of commandGold level command staff is responsible for implementing command functions (national fire protection association, 2000). The responsibiliities of gold level incident commander include analyzing strategies for combating the incident, proposing priority plan especially on safety of the responders, incident victims and the public and formulates sectorisation necessary for the incident (Fire Service Inspectorate, 2002). Incident command system sectorisationSectorisation involves dividing command staff, team leaders and general staff into three major tasks in an incident (Flin, Incident command: Decision Making and Team Work, 1995a).
It’s a strategy aimed at ensuring that the incident is timely controlled and that there is no loss of lives, no property is not lost, nobody goes missing and checking spread of fire (Diguiseppi, et al. , 2002). Sectorisation in a fire incident Fire sectorCommand staff in fire sector is responsible for extinguishing fire and controlling its spread by minimizing ventilation (Diguiseppi, et al. , 2002). Search sectorCommand staff in search sector is involved with evacuation and looking for persons trapped or injured in the incident and are helped by lobby sector personnel (Diguiseppi, et al. , 2002). Lobby sectorThese provide support tasks in the incident.
They are positioned next to fire sector command staff and search sector (Diguiseppi, et al. , 2002). Responsibilities of incident commanderAnnounces command (Ronald W, 2003)Ensures practices of incident safety (Ronald W, 2003)Determines incident aims and strategies (Ronald W, 2003)Prioritizes immediate incident priorities (Ronald W, 2003)Approves use of volunteers (Thomas, 2004)Approves requests for additional resources (Ronald W, 2003)