Essays on Incident Command Assignment

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

TABLE OF CONTENTSContents……………………………………………………………………2Abstract…………………………………………………………………. .3-4Introduction: The Reasons For The Establishment Of An Effective Incident Command System For Large Scale Incidents Such As Buncefield…………………5 The Various Levels Of Command Needed To Effectively Deal With Large Scale Incidents……………………………………………………. .8The Role Of Public Agencies In Disasters Such As Buncefield………. .11An Appropriate Dynamic Risk Assessment That Would Have Been Implemented At The Scene And Structure An Effective Action Plan…. 14The Need For Effective Liaison With Media And Other Agencies During Major IncidentsThe Need For Effective Liaison With Media And Other Agencies During Major IncidentsConclusionReferences INTRODUCTIONAn Incident Command System (ICS) refers to a systematic instrument used for the command, coordination and control of disaster response (Federal Highway Administration Office of Operations, 2006).

ICS makes it easier for emergency services to work collectively with the use of operating procedures and common terminology controlling facilities, personnel, communications and equipment at a single incident or disaster scene. It allows for a consistent response to virtually any incident through the use of a common organizational structure which can be contracted and expanded in a coherent manner according to the level of the needed response (Federal Highway Administration Office of Operations, 2006). Incident Command Systems have been used by many emergency services such as fire services which make use of this systematic method of breaking down an incident into its constituent parts.

In fact, several fire services have used ICS which is used all over the U S by fire services, counties and cities (Dispatch Magazine Online, 2007). THE REASONS FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN EFFECTIVE INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM FOR LARGE SCALE INCIDENTS SUCH AS BUNCEFIELD ICS is a very important method of dealing with incidents, accidents and disasters with a success rate in several types of incidents.

ICS as a system as been developed to be organizationally flexible and interdisciplinary in nature. According to dispatch Online Magazine (2007), ICS has proven efficient for reacting forms of incidents such as natural hazards, HAZMAT (hazardous materials) incidents; fires; planned events such as concerts; and so on. It would thus have been very suitable for the Buncefield incident. The benefits obtained from ICS are immense. As the National Response Team (2003) explain, the way in which ICS has been effectively structured, agencies benefit severally.

For one, ICS helps remove duplicative efforts. This is due to the command structure in place whereby there are several levels of command, one command post at each level and each level has clear functions. ICS allows emergency responders to create and execute one combine IAP (Incident Action Plan). The ICS structure spells out the functions and responsibilities lessening the likely conflicts that may arise as well as enhancing the flow of information among all agencies that are taking part. Furthermore, ICS makes use of a common response culture and language which helps optimize combined efforts.

It enables the collective approval of planning, logistics, operations and finance activities. It promotes a cooperative response environment therefore time is saved. Further to that, integral to ICS is the use of shared facilities amongst various levels and agencies and this significantly lessens emergency response costs (The National Response Team, 2003). Personnel from several agencies meld into a common management structure thus creating a type of unified group. This is also highly beneficial with regards to minimizing breakdowns in communication and maximizing overall effectiveness.

According to Marx (2009), there are so many different reasons why developing an effective ICS system would have been beneficial for a large scale disaster such as the Buncefield incident. One such benefit he identified is that it contributes to the total utilization of resources. This is because of how the system is designed whereby there is a continual maintenance of a controllable span of control; it has an integrated communications system; appropriate incident control facilities and locations are identified from the onset; and there is proper execution of efficient resource management protocols (Marx, 2009).

All these features give the system a holistic nature that ensures it functions optimally.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us