Reasons for Effective Incident Command System For Large Scale Incidents Such As Buncefield Needs To Be EstablishedAn effective Incident command system has in it the standard management hierarchy and also the procedures for assisting in the management of incidents regardless of the size. The need to have an effective incident command system prepositioned and also sanctioned by authorities with legitimacy is paramount not forgetting the need to have proper training on various incidents that may occur. An effective incident command system need to have a management team which stands to control the personnel, funds, facilities, communications as well as equipments. To be able to handle a large scale incident effectively, there is need to select the personnel in accordance to the rules that are set by the legitimate authorities this is to be able to have the incident command system applied from the time an incident occurs until the whole group is no longer required at the site.
The need for an effective incident command system in a large incident is to be able to manage the challenges. The incident command system is known to: Allow the integration of equipments, facilities, procedures, personnel and communication for the operations of a common organizational structure. It enables a coordinated response among functional agencies of various jurisdictions both public and private. It also enables there to be a common process of managing and planning the available resources. Incident command system plays a vital role in the allowing the users to adapt to an integrated organizational structure which is able to withstand the demands and complexities of a large incident.
The ICS is not only useful in the providing an organization with the various structures for incident management but also giving the guidance in the process of planning, adapting and building the very structures.
Reasons for effective incident command system for large scale incidentsset overall incident-related priorities; allocate critical resources according to priorities; ensure that incidents are properly managed; ensure that incident management objectives are met and do not conflict with each other or with agency policy; identify critical resource needs and report them to EOC’s and/or multiagency coordination entities; andEnsure that short-term emergency recovery is coordinated to assist in the transition to full recovery operations. Levels of command needed to deal effectively with large scale incidentsThe level of command of an incident command system to be able to deal effectively with incidents of large scale dimensions requires to be divided into five groups that are manageable.
The group functions are essential for the emergency response and the operations that include the following components: Commandoperationsplanninglogisticsfinanceand administrationThe basics of the existence of the incident command system is to have one person doing the command functions. The level of command for a large scale incident to be effective should be structured as follows: The Command SectionIncident commanderThe Incident Commander who is also referred as the Unified Command takes the responsibility for all aspects of the response which includes the development of the incident objectives he is as well charged with managing all the incident operations.
In a large scale incident, each of the five components or the section of command is managed separately and can be divided into smaller section where need be for easy control. The incident commander is the on scene manager well until the command authority responsibility is passed to another person who turns to be the incident commander.
The five major components take on the following functions as described below in the large scale.