The paper "Incident Command System and Implementation at Major Incident" is an outstanding example of management coursework. The incident command system (ICS) is a particular approach to assembly and control of the highly reliable temporary organizations employed by many public safety professionals to manage diverse resources at emergency scenes. An ICS-based organization appears able to capitalize on efficiency and control benefits of bureaucracy while avoiding or overcoming the considerable tendencies toward inertia (Hannan & Freeman, 2003) usually thought to accompany bureaucratic systems. ICS-based organizations may perform more reliably under extreme conditions than organizations founded on alternative approaches (for stance, organic systems).
They appear able to structure and restructure themselves on a moment-moment basis and to provide members with means to oscillate effectively between various preplanned organizational solutions to the more predictable aspects of a disaster circumstance and improvised approaches for the unforeseen and novel complications that often arise in such situations. The term "ICS" is the official designation for an approach used by many public safety professionals, including firefighters and police, to assemble and control the temporary systems they deploy to manage personnel and equipment at a wide range of emergencies, such as fires, multi-casualty accidents (air, rail, water, roadway), natural disasters, hazardous materials spills, and so forth.
The ICS was originally developed through a cooperative effort among a number of federal, state, and local governmental agencies made in response to the harmful disorder that occurred among various organizations, including municipal and county fire departments, the California Department of Forestry, in the state government, and the federal government, attempting to suppress massive wildland fires in California during the 1970s. It represented a significant departure from previous large-scale emergency management methods.