The paper "Pacific Gas and Electric - Decision-Making " is a great example of a management case study. Throughout the history of business, ethics has, and will always, be a sensitive issue. It is always necessary to observe the business ethics and the code of conduct to the employees and not only to those in higher offices. Business managers are, on a daily basis, faced with a new challenge on a contentious issue that put the credibility of the said manager to test. In retrospective, the mater that concerns ethics is further compounded and specifically brought to a larger test by the fact that there is no agreed-upon definition of what ethics and therefore every manger and business as a whole develop their own ethics to be followed in the business.
Therefore, in this perspective, the ethics of an action can only be defined by an individual or society that a person operates (Belak, 2005). This is specifically because what one individual might define as an ethical nature might be against the ethicality of another individual depending on the environment. The matter can thus be compounded in this case that one is a leader or manager of a business.
It is easier to focus on the manager or the leader of the business since all the major decisions must be made by the manager. It is also because much of responsibility is expected of the manager in the definition of what ethic is (Ahmed, 1998). Duty of care The situation of PG& E of lack of proper care when infiltrating the water can be termed as a volatile situation. In this perspective, this paper aims at looking into ethics concerning the company’ s decisions.
The decisions also revolve around letting workers decide whether to work for the company or not since they know the workers are desperate and fear to lose their jobs and hence can do anything to keep their jobs. Utilitarianism According to the theory of utilitarianism, a decision or action is considered to be right, or wrong, depending on the outcome. If the outcome, or consequence, from action, is the most good that can be derived, then the action is termed as being right.
In this perspective, an action that gives an outcome which is lesser than the best possible outcome is considered as being wrong or unethical (Belak, 2005). In this case, the company’ s decision to try and stop investigations because they know they are on the wrong can be termed as unethical. This is because not all the decisions that are made decisions that have the best outcome. In this aspect of this decision made, the decisions cannot be termed as being optimific. An optimific decision is one that is able to bring out the best good.
Stopping investigations by PG& E does not in any way have a good outcome to the community and hence only the company that might benefit (Pučko, 2000). Decision making In the case of letting workers decide on whether to work in the most dangerous part of the company, the workers might decide to continue with the job only because they are desperate of losing their job which is their only source of income. If they allowed people to leave the job to seek medical attention, it would mean on the part of the company that the company would lose some working hours, which might be a necessity, and hence it would lag behind all the other competitors.
As the movie continues we see a man who continues working and specifically painting a tank while with a severe nose bleeding. This is not only dangerous to the worker himself but also the users of the water from the tanks he is working on. Therefore, the reason for deciding to continue despite the dangers involved when working in that part of the company is very clear as desperation.
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Ahmed, M. M. (January 01, 1998). Cultural and contextual aspects in business ethics: Three controversies and one dilemma. Journal of Transnational Management Development, 4, 1.)
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