The paper "Cultural Management and Communication, Language and Culture" is a great example of business coursework. Communication is impeccably vital in ensuring effective organization or institutional management. However, effective communication and management in modern institutions are thwarted by the challenges emanating from cross-cultural differences. In determining efficacy in organizational leadership and management and understanding perceptual and socio-relational contexts. Throughout this week, I learned how the social cognitive theory works, the various perceptions placed on cultural differences globally. This Moodle also covered types of mental categories, stereotyping as well as ethnocentrism.
The various individual values were also covered, stating that in most cases individuals are based on individualism or collectivism behaviours, based on the best situation that fits them. Finally, the topic was instrumental in understanding the various cultural influences on leadership perceptions. It was evident that culture has a major effect on how people lead and engage others. Through the social cognitive theory, I was able to note that individualism affects how a person leads as well as ethnocentrism. My reasons for identifying these issues relies on my need to understand how people respond to a culturally diversified workplace and determining coherent issues that are undoubtedly necessary for ensuring recognition and prosperity of such diversity.
Moreover, most researchers have attempted to show that people’ s ability to manage across cultures leans upon their cultural background as it influences their ability to work effectively based on their personal values and hence people tend to perform better either collectively or individually. My other reason is based on my belief that materialization of ethnocentrism, culture and leadership, stereotypes and cultural differences results into the necessity to discuss into detail various topics such as the cognitive techniques on how humans process information, individual values and effect on team performance as well as the influence of culture on leadership and management and the overall ability for individuals to succeed in foreign environments. Theoretical Reflection The social cognitive theory is one of the models that I believe is a necessary understanding of the cultural influence on information processing.
Basing it on the ideology that cultural development and cross-cultural acceptance is a continuous and consistent process marked with consistent learning, education, training and experience (Yamazaki & Kayes, 2004).
During this week I was able to learn through this theory, that people are always in the dynamics of interaction, a process is known as reciprocal determinism which proclaims that people are normally obsessed with their environment hence constantly seek to learn new ideologies about it and uses their senses to determine an adversary or change in the environment and respond to it effectively and conveniently (Bandura, 2005). From the theory, I have come to understand that people shall always seek to learn about other cultures in addition to their own cultures, master new languages and seek to understand norms and beliefs attached to other cultures. From my experience, however, social cognitive leads to stereotyping which is the development of a generalizing perception about a group of people.
Stereotyping characterizes people with respect to their cultural beliefs, behaviors and attributes which stands appealing. I have realized that stereotyping evaluate positive and negative attributes of a particular culture and characterizes all the people from that culture on the determined attribute. For instance, it is believed that Americans are intelligent.
Such a belief takes with it numerous assumptions which mostly than probably are erroneous and misleading. It might be confirmed that a larger percentage of the population is bright which of course I do not intend to object but that does not bring to light the obtuse nature of the remaining population. Stereotyping is indeed the major cause of ethnocentrism and hence most MNCs have failed to adapt to foreign environments whenever they rely on home country employees instead of the locals this is because most home managers tend to believe their culture is far supreme than the others hence others should do as they say without questions (Koenig et al. , 2011).
Many proponents maintain that ethnocentrism is undisputedly dangerous in the workplace and should be avoided at all cost. In my view however, ethnocentrism is vital in determining people’ s capability to perform. People who believe that their culture is supreme tend to believe in themselves and hence take extensive orientation to performance so as to safeguard their assertions. Ethnocentric is ‘ idiocentrics’ and are more aggressive on their duties and usually develop strong arguments.
On the contrary ‘ Allocentrics’ lack such aggressiveness, avoid arguments and prefer working in groups.
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