The paper “ Challenges and Opportunities for Organizational Behavior” is an impressive example of the term paper on human resources. Organizational Behavior is concerned with how knowledge about people and groups is applied to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. According to McShane and Von Glinow (2009), Organizational behavior has very many aspects which may sometimes leave a scholar wondering how the different aspects fit in and lead to the desired outcomes. Therefore, McShane and Von Glinow (2009) structures organizational behavior in the integrative model of organizational behavior according to how each aspect affects the three independent variables; individual, group, and organizational level.
The model divides aspects of organizational culture into organizational mechanisms, group mechanisms, and Individual characteristics. Organizational level factors include organizational culture and organizational structure, Group level mechanism in leadership behavior and style, leadership power and influence, Team processes, and team characteristics. On the other hand, individual-level factors include personal and cultural values and ability. In this paper each of these factors is explored separately and how each affects the organization, groups, or individuals. Secondly, the paper analyzes the challenges and opportunities where organizational behavior can be applied in enhancing modern organizations. 2.0 Influence of Organizational Behavior in Workplaces2.1 Organizational CultureOrganizational culture has the largest influence in the workplace of the individual and the group level.
In McShane and Von Glinow (2009), organizational culture was found to be closely connected to employees’ commitment to the organization. Organizational culture can be defined as a unique pattern of the way things are done in an organization. According to Prati, McMillan-Capehart, and Karriker (2009) organizational culture plays several important roles in an organization including the provision of a sense of identity, it generates organizational commitment to the organization’ s goals and it creates and reinforces standards of behavior.
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