The paper “ Installed Capacity of Electricity Generation by Fuel Type” is a meaningful version of statistics project on technology. Electricity generation is the process of converting non-electrical energy into electricity. For electric utilities, it is the first process in the delivery of electricity to consumers. The other processes are normally carried out by the electrical power industry. Electricity is most often generated at a power station by electromechanical generators, primarily driven by heat engines fueled by chemical combustion or nuclear fission but also by other means such as the kinetic energy of flowing water and wind.
There are many other technologies that can be and are used to generate electricity such as solar photovoltaic and geothermal power. The World net electricity generation nearly doubles in the reference case, from 17.3 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2005 to 24.4 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2015 and 33.3 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2030. In general, growth in the OECD countries, where electricity markets are well established and consuming patterns are mature, is slower than in the non-OECD countries, where a large amount of demand remains unsatisfied. The International Energy Agency has estimated that nearly 32 percent of the population in the developing non-OECD countries (excluding non-OECD Europe and Eurasia) do not yet have access to electricity— a total of about 1.6 billion people.
With the strong economic growth projected for the developing non-OECD nations, substantial increases in electricity generation will be needed to meet demand in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. Although the non-OECD nations consumed 24 percent less electricity than the OECD nations in 2005, total non-OECD electricity generation in 2030 is projected to exceed the OECD generation by 46 percent.
In developing countries, strong economic growth translates to a growing demand for electricity. Increases in per capita income lead to improved standards of living, rising consumer demand for lighting and appliances, and growing requirements for electricity in the industrial sector. As a result, total non-OECD electricity generation (The figure has been taken from International Energy Outlook 2008) Electricity generation in the nations of OECD EuropeElectricity generation in the nations of OECD Europe increases by an average of 1.4 percent per year in the IEO2008 Reference case, from 3.3 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2005 to 4.0 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2015 and 4.7 trillion kilowatt-hours in 2030.
Because most of the OECD Europe countries have relatively stable populations and mature electricity markets, most of the growth in electricity demand is projected to come from those with more robust population growth (including Turkey, Ireland, and Spain) and from the newest OECD members (including the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland), whose economic growth rates exceed the OECD average through the projection period. (The figure has been taken from International Energy Outlook 2008) Net electricity generation in the Middle EastDespite short-term supply issues in some Middle Eastern countries, natural gas is expected to remain the region’ s largest source of energy for electricity generation throughout the projection (Figure 63).
In 2005, natural-gas-fired generation accounted for 56 percent of the Middle East region’ s total power supply. In 2030, the natural gas share is projected to be 65 percent, as the petroleum share of generation falls over the projection period. Petroleum is a valuable export commodity for many nations of the Middle East, and there is increasing interest in the use of domestic natural gas for electricity generation in order to make more oil assets available for export.