The paper "Turkish Inclusion in the EU" is a wonderful example of a report on report on macro and microeconomics. Turkey became a candidate country for membership of EU as a result of its application to Helsinki European Council in 1999. EU established a Customs Union with Turkey in 1995 with its scope based on manufactured products between Turkey and the EU. Negotiations came underway in October 2005 with a screening of the EU legislation. This then paved way for negotiations in making Turkey a member state. At the same time, the EU closed one provisional chapter including Science and Research (2006) as it opened negotiations for seven other chapters in consideration to the Turkey application to join the EU.
The seven chapters include Enterprise and Industry (March 2007) and Financial Control and Statistics (June 2007), Trans-European Networks and Consumer and health protection (December 2007), Intellectual property and Company law (June 2008). In February 2008, the European Council adopted a revised accession partnership with Turkey. Turkey operates under certain EU policies and customs such as the technical regulation of products, competition, and intellectual property law(Cheuassus, 2004). According to the Delegation of the European Commission in Turkey (2001), failure by the state to comply with the past EU policies in other treaties led to its failure in becoming a member state in 2006.
The application of such treaties re-dated back to 1959 when Turkey made an initial application of becoming an EU member state begun. This has led to the increased need for Turkey to be reconsidered as a member state through its application in 1999. In 2006, the council decided that eight relevant chapters shall neither be closed nor opened until Turkey had fulfilled its commitment due to Turkish failure to apply to Cyprus the additional protocol to the Ankara Agreement.
Among the 8 chapters were: free movement of goods, financial services, agriculture, and rural development, fisheries, transport policy, right of establishment and freedom to provide services, external relations, and customs union. The EU and Turkey are linked by a Customs Union agreement, which came in force on 31 December 1995, pursuant to the 1963 EU-Turkey Association Agreement. The agreement aimed at promoting trade and economic relations( Duna & Kutay, 2000).
Bayar, A., H. Nuray and S. Receberoglu (2000), The Effects of the Customs Union on the TurkishEconomy: An Econometric Analysis of the Four Years’ Implementation,Economic DevelopmentFoundation (IKV), Istanbul.
Chevassus, E., and Unguru M. (2001), “The EU enlargement to the CEECs: Impacts on agri-food Trade with Third Countries”, ECOMOD Conference Paper.
De Santis, R. (2000), “The Impact of a Customs Union with the EU on Turkey’s Welfare,
Employment and Income Distribution: An AGE Model with Alternative Labor Market Structures”, Journal ofEconomic integration, Vol. 15, No. 2, June.
Delegation of the European Commission in Turkey (2001), EU Supports Turkey’s Exports and QualityInfrastructure Project, Press Release, 17 April (retrievable from http://www.deltur.eu.int).
Duna, C. and Kutay, P.(2000), “Where to with customs union?”, Intermedia Press, Istanbul.
European Commission (2004), Communication on A pro-active Competition Policy for a Competitive
Europe, COM(2004) 293 final, Brussels.
EU’s Trade: The Relationship with Turkey(2009) New York
Europeans World(2008) Arguments for and against Turkey Joining the EU, Brussels
Eruygur, H., (2005) “Testing Armington Trade Model: An Empirical Analysis for Turkey,”Paper presented at International Conference on Business, Management and Economics, YasarUniversity, 15-18 June 2005, Izmir, Turkey.
Ilgaz, D. (2002), “Turkey Aims at Full Harmonisation with the EU Acquis Communautaire in IntellectualProperty as a Requirement of Membership”, in Peter G. Xuereb (ed.), Euro-MediterraneanIntegration: The Mediterranean's European Challenge – Vol. III, Malta: Publishers EnterprisesGroup Ltd.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002). OECD Reviews of Regulatory Refom – Turkey: crucial support for economic recovery : 2002. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ISBN 92-64-19808- 3. http://books.google.com/?id=ufYU_fR7mLgC&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Turkey.
McDaniel, C., and Balistreri, E, (2003) "A Review of Armington Trade SubstitutionElasticities," joint publication: Integration and Trade (2003) 7/18 and ÉconomieInternationale, 94-95, pp. 301-314.
Pugel, T.(2007) International Economics, 13th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Sheridan, P. (2002), Doing Business in Turkey, London: Denton, Wilde, Sapte & Guner, October. Tangermann, S. (2003), “EU Enlargement in Agriculture and the WTO Process”,Agricultural Economics, 49 (2), pp.71-79.
Shirotori, M., (2004) “WTO negotiations on agriculture: Assessment of non-ad-valorem
tariffs as a tariff barrier”, UNCTAD, Working Paper.
Tangermann, S. (2003), “EU Enlargement in Agriculture and the WTO Process”,
Agricultural Economics, 49 (2), pp.71-79.
Tonak, A. (2005) Turkey and the European Union, Cambridge
Ülgen, S. (2002), “The customs union as the catalyst of globalisation”, Turkish Policy A Quarterly, Spring,Vol. 1, No. 2.
Ulgen, S. & Zahariadis, Y.(2004) The Future of Turkey- EU Trade Reltions: Deepening vs Widening. CEPS EU-Turkey working papers, vol 5. 1
World Bank (2005). "Turkey Labor Market Study" (PDF). World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTTURKEY/Resources/361616- 1144320150009/Labor_C2.pdf. Retrieved 2006-12-27.
Vol. 1, No. 2.
Zahariadis, Y. (2004), “The Economic Implications of Deep Integration in the EU- Turkey CustomsUnion”, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Sussex.