IntroductionForeign policy decision-making is a foundational task of subfield of foreign policy analysis within the field of international relations. International relation is a study that concerns with associations among nations, incorporating the functions of states, international non-governmental organization, multinational corporations and non-governmental organization. It is a field of academics and public policy. International relation can be positive or normative since it can seek to asses and formulate international policy of a given nation. It is always taken as a branch of political science. International politics is a significant field of study in political science.
It normally takes into account world’s foreign affairs, international organization, human rights and international trade (Jervis, 2010). International politics and foreign policy decision makingForeign policy decision making entails analysis and assessment of previous and current data. Foreign policy has several aspects such as political, external and internal security-related, economic incorporating commercial and societal. These aspects normally have a bearing on every society. An effective foreign policy’s conduct protects and develops the interests of a nation and contributes to preservation and development of individuals’ status and power minus being unduly harmful to the national interests, status and power of other people.
The process of foreign policy is more complicated than in the past. The complexity is due to emergence of moral issues such as democracy, human rights, and disarmament as vital components of political foreign policy’s aspect. The complexity can also be due to greater concentration on non-political aspects such as environmental and economic. The current complexities of security aspect can be due to production of mass destruction’s weapons and the never-reducing fears from trans-national religions, groups of terrorists and smuggling gangs to the national and regional security (Mintz & DeRouen, 2010).
D'Anieri (2011) argues that the trend towards bigger trans-nationalization of decision making process can bring about complexity in the process of foreign policy. This is because the effect on the process of a nation’s international membership and regional organization. The enhancing confident role of nationwide and transnational non-nation actors such as non-governmental organization can cause complexity in the process of foreign policy. The process of foreign policy can be complicated by insatiable desire from non-state actors and other parts of the public for accountability and transparency.
The complexity can also be because of the role of printed and electronic media and internet in creating greater awareness of database of foreign policy process and in giving yardsticks in which the policy creation and adoption can be judged. The knowledge availability at mouse-tip contributed to greater non-state involvement in making and implementing policy and to an immediate and ever-constant scrutiny of policy making. As long as an individual has a clear understanding of national interests, then the following factors need to be considered for effective decision making.
Essential storage of previous facts, analysis, experience and ability of rapid retrieval in order to utilize the current decision makingAbility to gather latest data, open and secretiveThe accessibility of knowledge on how other nations are handling similar or comparable situationsThe quality of internal professionals and the availability of external professionals for analyzing and assessing the appropriate data