The paper "Integrated Transport Systems of Maasai Mara Game Reserve" Is a wonderful example of a Tourism Case Study. The number of people with disabilities or reduced mobility is on the increase. This is a result of an increase in diseases like osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (Roberts, Reiss and Monger 2000). Loss of bone suppleness and bone density as a result of the aging process is the major contributor to the increase in physical disabilities especially when the old fall and their bones break (Monger 2000). Other causes of physical disabilities include automobile accidents that lead to bone fractures and spinal cord injuries.
Due to the poor nutritional status of pregnant women, many children are being born that have impaired vision (Roberts, Reiss and Monger 2000). Visual disabilities are increasing as a result of diseases like blindness due to inadequate maternal Vitamin A and poor nutritional supplements especially iron, vitamin A and Iodine that affect psychomotor development and eyesight during early childhood development. Poor eyesight may be genetically predisposed with an increase of color-blind persons who have characteristic visual disabilities for particular colors. These problems affect accessibility to transport systems because the disabled persons have to be assisted and guided in order to be able to use different transport systems (Dorfman, 2001:36-41: Wasike, 2001).
The efficient transport system is a function of time and quicker access to services subject to independent free circulation about different modes of transport and among different facilities is a vital component of quality of life and quality of transport system (Davenport, 1998, O'Connor, 1965: 21-30). With increased congestion of traffic, the interchange between different modes of the transport system is becoming difficult.
The future of an efficient transport system is a function of an integrated transport system that makes it possible for people, both disabled and able-bodied, to have fast access to transport systems (African Development Bank, 1999). Security against wildebeest is another concern that affects both disabled and able-bodied tourists (Hill, 1949). This is because tourists do not understand myths of relating with and co-existing among the wildebeests. For instance, a tourist can walk past a den of lions but is not supposed to run as this may make the lions run after them or a tourist may walk comfortably past a herd of elephants if the tourist passes on the leeward side. Significance of the study The report will provide guidelines on what needs to be done to improve transport requirements for disabled tourists to Maasai Mara.
The report will highlight factors that negatively affect international transport policies and how they compare with transport systems for Maasai Mara. The report will offer qualitative and quantitative guidelines on integrated transport policies for tourists to Maasai Mara and offer feasible tourist movement patterns.
It will provide solutions to challenges that tourists face in their efforts to comfortably enjoy their travel to Maasai Mara. The report will analyze the feasibility of using private and public transport systems and their potential efficiencies. Background of the study The transport network to Maasai Mara is very poor and is characterized by a very poor road network. Transport costs vary according to mode of road transport used. Tour agents charge a flat rate of KSHs. 2000.00 for able-bodied international tourists and KSHs.
3000.00 for disabled international tourists from Nairobi City to Maasai Mara while able-bodied domestic tourists pay KSHs. 400.00 and disabled domestic tourists pay KSHs. 600.00, KSHs. 3000.00 for a two day boarding facility that includes accommodation and meals and entertainment. All other costs like game viewing and balloon drives are pay-as-you-use services. A balloon drive costs KSHs. 1000.00 per thirty minutes for able-bodied tourists who have travel insurance and KSHs. 5000.00 for those who are not insured. Maasai community tour with a Maasai Moran costs KSHs. 2000.00 per day for able-bodied tourists and entry to Maasai Traditional dances and festivals costs KHs.
1000.00 for international tourists and KSHs. 300.00 for domestic tourists irrespective of disability status. Tourist vehicles get stuck on the road during the wet season and during the dry season, the roads are very dusty. The cost of pushing a tourist van off the mud varies depending on the presence or absence of a tour guide. In the presence of a tour guide, the charges are negotiable and vary between KSHs. 300.00 to KSHs. 500.00. In the absence of a tour guide, the fees are high.
4000.00 to KSHs. 9000.00. This depends on the season and if the local residents involved had helped to pull another stuck tourist van in the mud. The more vehicles they help to get out of the mud, the less they charge. Tourists are prone to spending nights on their way when their vans get stuck and this exposes them to insecurity from gangsters and wildebeests. Local residents guard the vehicles and charges lie between KSHs. 3500.00 to KSHs. 6000.00. This is depended on whether the tourist van is near a police station or not.
Many investors are not willing to commit their capital to the road network especially via Namanga because the Maasai Mara scenery attains between mid-July to September when the annual migration of wildebeest takes place from the lower Serengeti national park in Tanzania. There is also problem of regulation of the transport network to Maasai Mara. Public transport from Nairobi to Maasai Mara goes up at end month due to increase in human traffic to Maasai Mara to the tune of 150% normal fares and during July to September, public transport fares increase to the tune of 300% due to increase of mobility of people to watch annual wildebeests migration.
Tour agent's travel and package tours do not vary. Integrated transport is not in place though it is expected to bring about increased capacity, efficiency, and reliability of the transport system. It is expected to solve the problem of transport and put Maasai Mara on the world map of easily accessible tourist destination all year round.
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