The paper "Introduction to Combustion and Fire" is a wonderful example of a report on management. “ Fire is a fundamental force in nature” (Cote and Bugbee 1988). To appreciate fire, we must have a scientific description of fire unfailing with our perceptions. We must recognize the role fire has played in history, its benefits, and it cost to society in terms of people and property destruction. Controlled fire, combustion, or the burning of substances in the air (Findlay 2007:61), for useful power is studied in combination with the market forces that drive our economy.
The study of uncontrolled fire seems to be stimulated by clear risks to society and by societies having the means to invest in such study. The development of the science of fire has accelerated over the last 150 years. It is a multifaceted area linking various fields, and it is comparatively archaic compared to other technological fields. ” Before there was life, there was fire” (Quinteire 1998:1). It has left its mark on history in countless ways. In scientific terms, fire or combustion is a chemical reaction involving fuel and oxidizer.
This is normally the oxygen (O2) in the air we breathe. Rusting and yellowing of old newsprint do fit this definition. However, those processes are neither combustion nor fire. In scientific terms, combustion and fire are synonymous and the flammability and fire behaviour of materials are used synonymously when describing the ignition, combustion, and fire propagation behaviours of materials separately or in combination (Andrady 2003:404). In conventional terms, we generally treat fire as distinct from combustion, in that fire is combustion that is not intended to be controlled.
Firefighters attempt to control it by adding water or other agents, but the process of fire is not “ designed” combustion, as in a furnace or an engine. Combustion experts who study such systems may know very little about fire, and those who deal with fire may know very little about combustion (Quinteire 1998:1). Fire is a chemical reaction that involves the evolution of light and energy in sufficient amounts to be perceptible. A chemical reaction concerning solids, liquids, and gases that ignite and go through a quick, self-contained oxidation process, go together with the progression of heat and light of varying strength (NUREG 2005:4).
Andrady Anthony, 2003, Plastics and the Environment, Published 2003 Wiley-IEEE, ISBN 0471095206
Baukal Charles and Schwartz Robert, 2001, The John Zink Combustion Handbook, Published 2001 CRC Press, ISBN 0849323371
Borghi Roland and Destriau Michel, 1998, Combustion And Flames: Chemical and Physical Principles, Published 1998 Editions TECHNIP, ISBN 2710807408
Cote Arthur and Bugbee Percy, 1988, Principles of Fire Protection, Published 1988
Jones & Bartlett Publishers, ISBN 0877653453
Findlay Alexander, 2007, Chemistry in the Service of Man, Published 2007
READ BOOKS, ISBN 1406758159
IAFC-NFPA, 2004, Fundamentals of Fire Fighter Skills, International Association of Fire Chiefs, National Fire Protection Association Published 2004
Jones & Bartlett Publishers, ISBN 0763722332
Kanury Murty, 1975, Introduction to Combustion Phenomena: For Fire, Incineration, Pollution, and Energy Application, Published 1975 Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0677026900
NUREG, 2005, NUREG-Series Report, United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, United States of America
Quintiere James G., 1998, Principles of Fire Behavior, Published 1998 Thomson Delmar Learning, ISBN 0827377320
Tse Francis, Haessler Walter, and Morse Ivan E., 1989, Fire: Fundamentals and Control, Published 1989 CRC Press, ISBN 0824780248