Essays on Is Management an Art, a Science or Neither Essay

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Is Management an Art, a Science or Neither" is a great example of a management essay.   Management is the process of coordinating the activities of an organization in order to achieve the predetermined goals and objectives of the organization. In management, various principles such as division of labour, discipline as well as authority and responsibility, among others must be put into place for effective management (Cole 2004). For this to happen there must be scientific features; universal features, observation and experimentation, validity and predictability as well as a cause-effect relationship that will shape the effectiveness of management.

All these features are the sources of knowledge needed and must guide the managers in the execution of their duties (Partington 2000). On the other hand, there is the application part of management. The skills and knowledge from the science part need to be put into place through the application which forms the art part of management. Managers must display their knowledge and skills, experience and personality for management to be done effectively. Creativity as well as more practice in the management field needs to be considered when managers are doing their day to day activities (Khalili 2016).

Additionally, it is always important to manage with the aim of achieving a specific objective or goal which also constitutes the art of management. This essay will analyze whether management is an art, science, or neither. Management as a science Science is a systematic pool of knowledge relating to the particular field of study. It contains facts and concepts which explain a phenomenon to establish cause and effect relationship between variables and the principles guiding their relationship which are developed through observation and experimentation (Dyer, Thoms & Olley2002).

Management as science is characterized by the following features: Universal features According to Sheldrake (2003), management principles are applicable to all types of businesses or organizations regardless of the situation.


Cole, G.A 2004, Management Theory and Practice, Cengage Learning EMEA, South Africa.

Dyer, FM., Thoms, J. & Olley, J 2002, The Structure, Function and Management Implications

Of Fluvial Sedimentary Systems, IAHS, UK.

Gold, A., Malhotra, A & Segars, H 2001, Knowledge management: An organizational

capabilities Perspective, Journal of Management Information System, Vol. 18, No. 1

p 185.

Khalili, A 2016, Linking Transformational Leadership, Creativity, Innovation-Supportive

Climate, Journal of Management Decision, Vol. 54, No.9, pp. 141-150.

Partington, D 2000, Building Grounded Theories of Management Action, British Journal of

Management Action, Vol. 11, pp. 91-102.

Sheldrake, J 2003, Management Theory, Cengage Learning EMEA, South Africa.

Singh, M. & Kant R. 2008, Knowledge Management Barriers: An interpretive structural

Modeling approach, International Journal of Management and Engineering

Management, Vol 3, No 2, pp. 141-150.

Van Vliet, V 2009, 14 Principles of Management (Fayol), Retrieved 10th Sept. 2016 from

Wren, D. A., Bedeian, A. G & Breeze, J. D 2002, The foundations of Henri Fayol’s

administrative theory. Management Decision, Vol. 40, No. 9, pp.906 – 918.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us