Is there a relationship between critical environment resources and global economies? Natural resources are very crucial to human beings’ survival and existence on earth. Human beings’ general health and wellbeing are directly linked to the quality of the critical environmental resources such as water, soils, air and other biological resources. Our landscapes, seascapes and wildlife are not in anyway separable from our major cultures that inspire art and literature as well. Our economy and major industrial sectors are directly or indirectly reliant on functioning ecosystems. Many people believe that natural resources have their own fundamental value and that they are important for their own sake inconsiderate of their useful values.
Technological developments over several years ago have given human beings extraordinary control over the critical environmental resources. It is however the great Industrial revolution of the 17th and 19th centuries that has made use of fossil fuels energy to power complicated machinery technology. This has enhanced human demographic explosion and exceptional industrial, technological and scientific development that has moved on until now. Economic growth does not necessarily ensure environmental sustainability for any nation.
The connection between the two is far more complicated for developing countries given the dependence of a large section of their population on natural resources. The global population has grown rapidly with statistics as far as from 1650 and 1850 indicating it had doubled from around 500 million to 1 billion people (Laboy-Nieves 81). Industrial revolution then resulted in an increase in the human exploitation of the resources as well as an increase in wealth, health and population. General human population across the globe has also grown increasing the demand on these critical resources within the ecosystem.
These resources seem indestructible and endlessly available. The resources; air, water and soil are increasingly being put in jeopardy, fishing in the major water bodies is exceedingly done, deforestation is aggravating soil erosion downstream. The reality is that human beings are either directly or indirectly reliant on these resources. The environmental effects of human actions are becoming more rampant with their devastating impacts on the environmental resources. Reports also show that about 40- 50 percent of the earth’s surface ice has been largely destroyed by the activities of humans with over 60 percent of marine creatures being overused above their limits.
The atmosphere’s carbon dioxide has also rose by a greater percentage, statistics showing by over 30 percent since the beginning of the industrial revolution and almost 25 percent of avian life have also been affected(Institute for Environment and Development122). Majority have gone extinct in the last thousand years. There is now no doubt that the society is also becoming aware that the resources within the society are not only restricted but are also adversely affected by human beings’ actions.
This means that human actions are imposing significant and mounting effects on biodiversity of the globe’s ecosystem thus lowering the flexibility and biodiversity. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment has described the biological systems has human beings life “supporting system” giving out or providing vital ecosystem services (Haas 176). It has over 1000 global renowned scientists who survey the state of the earth’s ecosystem. They thereafter give out summaries as well as providing detailed guidelines on the way forward to decision makers. Their evaluation on the ecosystem makes a conclusion that only four have shown improvements over the past 50 years.
Of these 15 are in a serious decline whereas 5 are in an uncertain condition.