The paper "Importance of Organizational Power, Difference between Open and Closed Systems " is a perfect example of a management assignment. This paper seeks to provide a discussion about the organization and management as applied in different organizations using organizational theories and management. Organizational theories have, for a long time acknowledged the significance of both formal and informal incentives facing employees, highlighting that an organization’ s political economy determines its life and behaviour (Richard, 2007). For instance, under the organization theory, it is believed that the activities and the goals of an organization are the outcomes of its organizational structure.
This paper, therefore, seeks to discuss the importance of organizational power, analyze the difference between open and closed systems and finally look at the importance of organizational resources, detailing the importance of analyzing an organization's internal and external environments. Question 3 Why the discussion of power is rational in an organizational context Power is defined as the ability to force another person to do something because of the position held. It is the manner in which a person influences the actions of others under his authority (Vatiero, 2009).
Looking at the organizational context, power can be derived from structural, situational and interpersonal bases (Carson et al. , 1995). The organization is structured in a hierarchal system such that the person at a higher level holds more power and is able to influence those who are under him. The significance of discussing power in an organization is because it affects the effectiveness of the organization (Carson et al. , 1995). It is needed when making organizational decisions when resolving conflicts and issuing orders regarding duties. It is apparent that most of the problems regarding effectiveness in the organization are often caused by improper use of power by managers.
For instance, in some cases, managers in charge of the organizational processes appear to lack the necessary knowledge and skills which make them unable to exercise their powers professionally, hence reducing the organization’ s performance. There are also cases where power is vested to people based on personal benefits, which results in organizational failure in the end. Such matters make it rational to discuss organizational power. Difference between power, authority and politics Power and authority appear to be related concepts but in real sense are separate.
Authority means the right to direct the practices of others, expecting them to respond with proper actions. In an organizational context, the sources of authority can be from the position held, in that the company’ s manager can order a change in the product design or a marketing strategy, with an aim of promoting effectiveness. Power is the ownership of authority, influence or control such that the person can influence the actions of another, through direct authority or through other intangible means (Vatiero, 2009).
Power comes from the possession of knowledge because the person applies that knowledge to direct the actions of another. Therefore, power can strengthen authority, while authority is one of the main sources of power. Organizational politics can be referred to as the process of obtaining power and applying it to overcome opposition that deters the attainment of the desired outcome. It is an important part of the organization because there are often differing ideas, which all have to be mainstreamed to attain a specific decision. The power to mainstream these ideas is what politics concerns.
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