The paper "Bringing Rights Home: International Human Rights in Australia" is an outstanding example of a management assignment. International human rights have been a controversial issue. There has been the adoption of several human rights treaties, but most of the countries have failed to sign the treaties. Furthermore, even some of the countries that have signed the treaties still disagree on some human rights. At times, such disagreement leads to violence. There exist two positions taken in arguing about human right, this includes cultural relativism and universalities. Cultural relativists argue that human rights need to take account of various cultural differences while Universalists argue that human rights should apply to every individual regardless of the background or culture (Micheline, 2004). Controversies on human rights often lead to violence.
Individuals are impacted negatively with the violence prompting them to move to unknown destinations. I believe the issue has been largely looked into by those in power and they have taken little steps in creating stability concerning international human rights. I also believe that individuals whose rights are violated are not likely to be serviced by the states.
Avoidance of harm is one way of exploring the terrain between cultural relativism and universalities. When individuals from different cultural background realise that certain cultural practices lead to harm, then they have to suspend the moral neutrality of cultural relativism. I believe the issue is a human rights issue as framed by the United Nations. According to the United Nations declaration, for human rights to be universal, then it is vital for human rights to be attuned with cultural differences. Universal human rights need not take a fixed approach (Rengger, 2011).
Culture and rights should complement one another. Incompatibility should not exist between individual rights and communal values. The step takes by the United Nations to create harmony between communal and human rights sits well with me. I believe that it is important for human rights to acquire authenticity by incorporating various cultural perspectives. Another appropriate response I can provide is that cultural relativism should be offered a crucial view rather than being given a legitimate priority. Individuals should also not be forced to accept cultures or traditions they are not willing to be part of and every state should be at the forefront in punishing individuals who force other people to accept other cultures.
Rosalind Higgins who is a powerful judge claims that he strongly believes in the universality of human rights. Every individual needs the same things and need to practice their religion (Donnelly, 2010). Topic 2.Bringing Rights Home: International Human Rights in Australia There existed controversy between Toonen and the Australian federal government. Mr Toonen asserted that the Tasmanian laws that were instituted to criminalise homosexual conduct between adults violated his privacy rights.
I believe the issue was of great importance to Toonen and was largely overlooked by the Australian federal government. Human rights committee indeed found out that the Tasmanian laws violated Toonen’ s privacy rights as described under article 17 of the ICCPR since the law constituted an arbitrary intrusion of his privacy rights. The Tasmanian laws were inconsistent with common attitudes in Australia. The findings of the committee were accepted by Keating Labour Government and called for legislation (Groves, 2001).
Donnelly J. (2010). Cultural Relativism and Universal Human Rights. http://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/PSPA/3040/02/Donnelly.pdf
Groves, M (2001) International Law and Australian Prisoners 24(1) UNSW Law Journal 17.
Journal of Human Rights, 3:3, 359-371, DOI: 10.1080/1475483042000224897
Kanmony, J. C. (2010). Human rights violation. New Delhi, India: Mittal Publications.
Micheline Ishay (2004) What are human rights? Six historical controversies,
Price, B. E., & Morris, J. C. (2012). Prison privatization: The many facets of a controversial industry. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.
Rengger, N (2011), ‘The World Turned Upside Down? Human Rights and International Relations after 25 Years’, International Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 5, pp. 1159–1178
Ross, S. D. (2008). Women's human rights: The international and comparative law casebook.