The paper “ Knowledge Management and System Thinking in Deanship of Research” is an affecting example of the research paper on management. In the 21st century, studies and literature on knowledge management have intensified in different economies as management theorists try to bring something new to the field of management. Raš ula, Vukš ić, and Š temberger (2012, p. 147) stated that for several firms, the fast technological change in this era has put pressure on companies to implement knowledge management to put them ahead of the rest in terms of strategy. It means knowledge has currently become one of the most crucial factors of production almost similar to land, labor, and capital (Raš ula, Vukš ić & Š temberger 2012, p. 147).
Despite the current focus of embracing knowledge management as part of the organizational culture, managers still face challenges of adopting this concept due to various challenges of technology and inadequate knowledge of management. Research into Deanship of Research at Sultan Qaboos University shows that that institution faces serious challenges in the quest to adopting knowledge management hence shortcomings in knowledge sharing and dissemination (AlRashdi & Srinivas 2016, p.
32). Therefore, this report will analyze various challenges the institution faces in starting a knowledge management initiative and how this affects knowledge sharing and dissemination in reference to people, technology, and process. 2.0 Literature Review2.1 KM Definitions and ConceptsWith the study of knowledge management increasing in recent years, various definitions have been proposed by different management theories. Booker, Bontis and Serenko (2008, p. 236) knowledge management shortened as KM is described as the practice of using a logical approach to the development, capture, structure and disseminate knowledge all through the organization to increase efficiency, re-apply the best practices, and decrease the tiresome rework that managers or employees can face if they are to work from one project to another.
On the other hand, Bhojaraju (2005, p. 37) defined knowledge management as the practice of collecting, structuring, and sharing staffs knowledge capital all over the organization.
Al-Gharbi, K.N & Naqvi, S.J 2008, The use of Intranet by Omani organizations in knowledge
management, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 2008, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 27-40.
Al-Busaidi, K.A, Olfman, L, Ryan, T, Leroy, G 2010, Sharing Knowledge to A Knowledge
Management System: Examining the Motivators and the Benefits in an Omani Organization, Journal of Organizational Knowledge Management, Vol. 2010, No.12, pp.1-12
AlRashdi, S & Srinivas S 2016, ‘Driving Knowledge Sharing Initiatives in Sultan Qaboos
University (SQU) Libraries for Enhanced Collaboration,’ The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management Vol.14, No.1, pp.31-44
Becerra-Fernandez, I & Sabherwal, R 2010, Knowledge Management: Systems and
Processes, M.E. Sharpe Inc, New York.
Bhojaraju G 2005, ‘Knowledge Management: Why Do We Need It For Corporate’, Malaysian
Journal of Library & Information Science, Vol. 10, no.2, pp. 37-50
Booker, L, Bontis, N & Serenko, A 2008, ‘The relevance of knowledge management and
intellectual capital research’, Knowledge and Process Management Vol.15, No.4, pp. 235–246.
Borda, M 2011, Fundamentals in Information Theory and Coding, Springer
Chatti, M 2012, ‘Knowledge Management: A Personal Knowledge Network Perspective’,
Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 16, No.5, pp. 829-844
Chu, D, Strand, R, & Fjelland, R 2003, ‘Theories of complexity’, Complexity Vol.8, No.3,
Cover, T & Thomas, J.A 2006, Elements of information theory (2nd ed.), Wiley-Interscience,
Dalkir, K 2005, Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice, Elsevier Inc.
Duguid, P 2005, ‘The Art of Knowing: Social and Tacit Dimensions of Knowledge and the
Limits of the Community of Practice’ The Information Society (Taylor & Francis Inc.) Vol.21, pp.109–118
Edwards, J 2011, A Process View of Knowledge Management: It Ain’t What you do, it’s the
way That you do it”, The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management Vol.9, No.4, pp. 297-306
Graeme, D.S 2008, ‘A general theory of complex living systems: Exploring the demand side of
dynamics,’ Complexity Vol.13, No.6, pp. 12–20
Hanneman, R.A & Riddle, M 2011, Concepts and Measures for Basic Network Analysis: The
Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis, SAGE, pp. 346–347
Kimble, C, Hildreth, P & Bourdon, I 2008, Communities of Practice: Creating Learning
Environments for Educators, Information Age Publishing
King, W.R 2009, ‘Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning’, Annals of Information
Mishra, B & Bhaskar, A 2011, ‘Knowledge Management Process in Two Learning
Organizations’, Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 344-359.
Pattillo et al. 2011, Clique Relaxation Models In Social Network Analysis, In Thai, My T. &
Pardalos, Panos M. Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication And Social Networks, Springer.
Rašula, J, Vukšić, V.B & Štemberger, M.I 2012, ‘The Impact of Knowledge Management on
Organizational Performance’, Economic And Business Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp.147–168
Rubenstein-Montano, B, Liebowitz, J, Buchwalter, J, McCaw, D, Newman, B & Rebeck , K
2001, A systems thinking framework for knowledge management, Decision Support Systems, Vol.31, pp.5–16
Sagar, S & Kim, S.-K, 2015, 'The Study for Adapting Knowledge Sharing Technologies into
Indian Education Market', International Journal of Information and Education Technology, vol. 5, no.7, pp. 145-161
Sharma, B, Singh, M & Neha, W 2012, ‘Knowledge Sharing Barriers: An Approach of
Interpretive Structural Modeling’, Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol.3, pp. 35-52.
Shannak, R, Masa’deh, R & Akour, M 2012, ‘Knowledge Management Strategy
Building: Literature Review’, European Scientific Journal, Vol.8, No.15, pp. 143-168.
Singh, J 2013, Practicing Knowledge Management System', International Journal of
Information, Business and Management, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 59-74
Skyttner, L 2006,General Systems Theory: Problems, Perspective, Practice, World
Scientific Publishing Company.
Spender, J.C & Scherer, A.G 2007, ‘The Philosophical Foundations of Knowledge Management:
Editors' Introduction’, Organization Vol.14, No.1, pp. 5–28.
Sultan Qaboos University 2016, Deanship of Research, Viewed 7th July 2016 from
Tobias, S & Duffy, T. M 2009, Constructivist instruction: Success or failure? Taylor & Francis,
Wang, Z, Wang, N & Liang, H 2014, ‘Knowledge Sharing, Intellectual Capital and
Firm Performance’, Management Decision, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 230-258.